BMC Standing Order
District/Municipal Court Rules Boston Municipal Court Standing Order 1-10: Limited Assistance Representation in civil matters only
Trial Court Law Libraries
This Standing Order is promulgated by the Chief Justice of the Boston Municipal Court Department pursuant to the provisions of G. L. c. 211B, § 10 and G. L. c. 218, § 51A , and in compliance with the Order In Re: Limited Assistance Representation issued by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court effective May 1, 2009.
II. Purpose and applicability
Limited Assistance Representation (LAR) permits an attorney, either for payment or pro bono, to assist a self-represented litigant on a limited basis without undertaking full representation of the client on all issues and events in the client’s case. This Standing Order of the Boston Municipal Court Department shall establish the required protocols and procedures for the use of LAR in civil matters currently pending or filed after the effective date of this Standing Order, notwithstanding any provision to the contrary in any rule of court or other standing order.
III. Required protocols and procedures
A. Qualified attorney; certification; Limited Assistance Representation
As of the effective date of this Standing Order, a qualified attorney may limit the scope of his or her representation of a client in any pending or newly-filed civil matter only, provided the limitation is reasonable under the circumstances and the client has given informed consent. To become qualified, an attorney shall complete one of the information sessions on LAR approved by the Chief Justice, and then file a certification in the form attached to this Standing Order with the Administrative Office of the Boston Municipal Court Department, 24 New Chardon Street, 6th floor, Boston, MA 02114. If an attorney previously completed one of the approved LAR information session, then said attorney does not have to complete another information session, but must file a certification form with the Boston Municipal Court Department.
B. Limited appearance and withdrawal; documents filed by attorney
An attorney making a limited appearance on behalf of an otherwise unrepresented party shall file a Notice of Limited Appearance in the form attached to this Standing Order. The Notice of Limited Appearance shall state precisely the court event to which the limited appearance pertains. If the limited appearance does not extend to all issues to be considered in the specified event, the Notice of Limited Appearance shall identify those discrete issues within the specified event that shall be covered by the limited appearance. An attorney may not enter a limited appearance for the sole purpose of making evidentiary objections. A limited appearance also shall not allow both an attorney and a litigant to argue on the same legal issue during the period of the limited appearance. An attorney may file a Notice of Limited Appearance for more than one court event in a civil case. At any time, including during an event, an attorney may file a new Notice of Limited Appearance with the agreement of the client. A pleading, motion or any other document filed by an attorney making a limited appearance shall comply with Rule 11(a), Mass. R. Civ. P., and/or cognate departmental rules, and shall state in bold type on the signature page of the document: “Attorney of [party] for the limited purpose of [court event].” An attorney filing a pleading, motion or other document outside the scope of the limited appearance shall be deemed to have entered a general appearance, unless the attorney files a new Notice of Limited Appearance with the pleading, motion or other document. Upon completion of the representation within the scope of the limited appearance, an attorney shall withdraw by filing a Notice of Withdrawal of Limited Appearance in the form attached to this Standing Order, which notice of withdrawal shall include the client’s name, address and telephone number, unless otherwise provided by law. The attorney must file a Notice of Withdrawal of Limited Appearance for each court event for which the attorney has filed a Notice of Limited Appearance. The court may impose sanctions for an attorney’s failure to file such notice of withdrawal.
Whenever service is required or permitted to be made upon a party represented by an attorney making a limited appearance, for all matters within the scope of the limited appearance, the service shall be made upon both the attorney and the party. Service upon a party shall be at the address listed for the party in the Notice of Limited Appearance. If the party’s address has been impounded by court order or rule, service of process on the party shall be made in accordance with the court order or rule. Service upon an attorney making a limited appearance shall not be required for matters outside the scope of the limited appearance.
D. Assistance in preparation of documents; ghostwriting
An attorney may assist a client in preparing a pleading, motion or any other document to be signed and filed in court by the client, a practice sometimes referred to as “ghostwriting.” In such cases, the attorney shall insert the notation “prepared with assistance of counsel” on any pleading, motion or other document prepared by the attorney. The attorney is not required to sign the pleading, motion or document, and the filing of such pleading, motion or document shall not constitute an appearance by the attorney.