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Court glossary terms: Numerical (1-10)

Learn important glossary terms when it comes to your court matters.

Table of Contents

1-10

1A DIVORCE - See IRRETRIEVABLE BREAKDOWN.

1B DIVORCE - See IRRETRIEVABLE BREAKDOWN.

10-DAY HEARING - A hearing that must be held within ten days after a court enters a 209A abuse prevention order ex parte, at which the defendant has an opportunity to be heard prior to a decision by the court whether to issue a further order.

30A APPEAL - The Superior Court review of a decision by an administrative agency pursuant to G.L. c. 30A. These appeals are “on the record,” i.e., based on the record of the proceeding before the administrative agency. In most cases, no new evidence is permitted. The court has the authority to affirm, remand, vacate or reverse the agency's decision. The Housing Court also has 30A jurisdiction in certain cases.

58A HEARING - See DANGEROUSNESS HEARING.

72-HOUR HEARING - A court hearing that must be held within seventy-two hours after a court grants emergency custody of a child to the Department of Children and Families (or another agency or individual) in a care and protection case.

209A - G.L. c. 209A is the Commonwealth's abuse prevention statute, intended to protect people from domestic violence. It applies to "family or household members," defined as people who are or were married to each other, are or were residing in the same household, are or were related by blood or marriage, have a child together, or are or have been in a "substantive dating or engagement relationship." Under c. 209A, the court can issue a civil restraining order requiring, inter alia, that the defendant refrain from abusing the victim, vacate the home, have no contact with the victim and turn all firearms and firearms identification cards in to local police. Although the order, often referred to as a "209A" or a "209A order," is a civil order, violation of some provisions of the order is a crime. The District Court Department, the Boston Municipal Court Department, the Probate and Family Court Department and the Superior Court Department all have jurisdiction to issue orders under c. 209A, although the Superior Court Department cannot issue orders to people whose only connection to the batterer is a "substantive dating or engagement relationship." An ex parte order may also be issued in an emergency situation when the courts are not open.

210 CASE - See TERMINATION OF PARENTAL RIGHTS.

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