This page, Juvenile Court Standing Order 10-20: Court operations under the exigent circumstances created by the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic, is part of
This page, Juvenile Court Standing Order 10-20: Court operations under the exigent circumstances created by the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic, is offered by
Juvenile Court Rules

Standing Orders

Juvenile Court Rules Juvenile Court Standing Order 10-20: Court operations under the exigent circumstances created by the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic

Rescinding and superseding Juvenile Court Standing Order 8-20.

Table of Contents

Introduction

In light of public health concerns regarding the COVID-19 (Coronavirus) pandemic, I hereby ORDER, pursuant to my authority as set forth in G.L. c. 211B, § 10, and, consistent with the Supreme Judicial Court’s Fourth Updated Order Regarding Court Operations Under the Exigent Circumstances Created by the COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Pandemic (“SJC’s Fourth Updated Order”), that Juvenile Court Standing Order 8-20, effective on July 1, 2020, is hereby rescinded and superseded upon the effective date of this Standing Order, October 8, 2020.

I. Purpose

Pursuant to the SJC’s Fourth Updated Order, the purpose of this Order is to continue the gradual implementation of the hearing of all matters in the Juvenile Court.

II. Virtual and in-person hearings in all matters

To continue to limit the number of persons entering courthouses, unless otherwise provided for in this Order, all matters within the jurisdiction of the Juvenile Court, including but not limited to all filings and events in delinquency, youthful offender, care and protection, child requiring assistance, guardianship, adoption, harassment prevention orders, substance use disorder petitions pursuant to G.L. c 123, § 35, and mental health petitions pursuant to G.L. c. 123, §§ 7,8, shall be heard virtually unless the matter can be handled more effectively or efficiently in person or cannot be handled virtually because a virtual proceeding is not practicable or would be inconsistent with the protection of constitutional rights.

The determination as to whether a matter may be heard in person shall be made by the First Justice unless otherwise provided for in this Order.

A. Delinquency and Youthful Offender Bench Trials. Delinquency and youthful offender bench trials shall be held in person unless all parties and the trial judge agree to conduct the trial virtually. Priority shall be given to those matters where the youth is detained pending trial.

B. Care and Protection Bench Trials. Care and Protection bench trials may be held in-person or virtually in the discretion of the trial judge.

C. Jury Trials. In accordance with the SJC’s Fourth Updated Order and the Report and Recommendations to the Justices of the Supreme Judicial Court on the Resumption of Jury Trials in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic by the Jury Management Advisory Committee and subsequent memorandum, the Juvenile Court will begin to hold jury trials in limited locations and in limited case types on October 26, 2020. The location for the holding of such trials and the manner in which they will be conducted is set forth in Juvenile Court Standing Order 9-20.

D. G.L. c. 123, § 35 Hearings. If a petitioner contacts the court regarding the filing of a petition for commitment pursuant to G.L. c. 123, § 35, the court shall make every effort to provide the petitioner with the petition without requiring the petitioner to appear in person at the court. Once the petition is completed and filed with the court, the court shall schedule the hearing.

Any youth apprehended on a warrant of apprehension issued pursuant to a G.L. c. 123, § 35 petition shall be brought to court by the police and an in-person hearing shall take place at the court.

E. Recording and Docketing of Virtual Hearings. All virtual hearings shall be held, to the extent practicable, in a courtroom or other location that can be recorded by FTR. Clerk-Magistrates shall docket all cases in MassCourts consistent with normal procedures.

III. Presence of individuals at virtual and in-person hearings

Pursuant to the SJC’s Fourth Updated Order, where a virtual hearing is scheduled, no one other than court personnel may be physically present in the courtroom during the virtual hearing without the approval of the judge or Clerk-Magistrate conducting the hearing. In the absence of exceptional circumstances, as determined by the judge or Clerk-Magistrate conducting the hearing, no party (or attorney for a party) may be physically present in the courtroom for a scheduled virtual hearing.

Where an in-person hearing is scheduled for an event, a judge may authorize a participant (an attorney, party, or witness) to appear virtually while other participants appear in-person, so long as it is consistent with the protection of constitutional rights. A participant who requests to appear virtually for an otherwise in-person proceeding shall have no grounds to object to other participants appearing in-person. A judge may conduct a hearing entirely virtually (i.e., where all attorneys, parties, and witnesses appear virtually) where all parties agree to an entirely virtual hearing.

IV. Entry into courthouses

Entry into a courthouse will be limited to personnel who work in the courthouse and persons who are present for one or more of the following purposes: attending in-person court proceedings for the purposes set forth in this Order; conducting in-person business with a clerk’s office (including but not limited to the posting or return of bail); or meeting with a probation officer or staff person.

A. Bail. A parent, guardian or custodian may appear at the courthouse to post bail for a youth being detained at the courthouse following the issuance of a bail order. When a youth is detained on bail at the Department of Youth Services (DYS) and is ordered to be placed on a global positioning system (GPS) as a condition of release, following notification by the parent, guardian or custodian to DYS that the parent, guardian or custodian is able to pay the bail amount, arrangements shall be made between DYS, the Clerk-Magistrate, probation, and the youth’s attorney to enable the transportation of the youth to the court, the posting of bail by the parent, guardian or custodian at the court and the installation of GPS by probation at the court. Procedure for Posting Bail When GPS is a Condition of Release During Emergency Court Operations issued by the Administrative Office of the Juvenile Court shall govern this process.

B. GPS and Remote Alcohol Monitoring. Where a judge has ordered electronic monitoring in the form of either GPS or remote alcohol monitoring or in cases where, pursuant to an earlier court order, previously installed equipment requires maintenance or removal, all installations, maintenance, or removals of such equipment may occur in the courthouse to ensure security and access to personal protective equipment by probation personnel.

V. Office of the Clerk-Magistrate

Pursuant to the SJC’s Fourth Updated Order, all Juvenile Court clerk’s offices will be physically open to the public to conduct court business. To continue to limit the number of persons entering courthouses, clerks' offices will continue to conduct business virtually to the extent possible. Each Clerk-Magistrate is authorized to require the physical presence of additional staff as may be necessary to address the additional business contemplated by this Order, provided that any such increase in staff presence will be conducted in accordance with health and safety protocols established by the Trial Court.

VI. Other court business

A. Court Investigators and Guardians Ad Litem. Any court investigator appointed to a care and protection matter shall conduct the investigation as required by G.L. c. 119, §§ 21A, and 24. Court investigators may conduct in-person interviews, in their discretion, if such interviews are able to be conducted in compliance with the guidelines set forth by the Centers for Disease Control regarding social distancing and person to person contact. Court investigators shall mail one copy of the completed investigation to the appropriate court location. Court investigators shall not fax or email any reports to the court, unless directed to do so. Court investigators shall contact the court by phone only with any questions regarding their appointment.

Any guardian ad litem appointed shall conduct their work as outlined by the scope of their appointment. Guardians ad litem may conduct in-person interviews, in their discretion, if such interviews are able to be conducted in compliance with the guidelines set forth by the Centers for Disease Control regarding social distancing and person to person contact.

All bills shall continue to be mailed to the appropriate court locations with the understanding that there may be a delay in the processing of bills due to limited staff.

B. Motions for Funds. Pursuant to CPCS v. Chief Justice of the Trial Court (No. 2), SJC-12926, (2020) any motions for funds filed where the juvenile is currently detained pre-trial, has been civilly committed pursuant to G.L. c. 123, § 35, or has been permanently committed to the Department of Youth Services, shall be heard as soon as possible. The motion may be heard administratively or virtually.

C. Detained Youth. Any motions for bail reconsideration, motions seeking release of youth detained as a result of a bail revocation order or detained awaiting a violation of probation hearing shall be considered in accordance with the provisions of Juvenile Court Standing Order 5-20.

D. Juvenile Court Locations. The Chief Justice of the Juvenile Court, after consultation with the Chief Justice of the Trial Court, for reasons of public health and safety may order that a court division or location conduct all business virtually and/or may transfer some or all in-person matters to specified courts within the Juvenile Court Department. Juvenile Court First Justices shall not order the closure of a court location within their division to the public without the permission of the Chief Justice of the Juvenile Court. All Juvenile Court locations shall be staffed, at a minimum, once a week unless the location is closed to the public due to an emergency or by authorization of the Chief Justice of the Juvenile Court.

Downloads for Juvenile Court Standing Order 10-20: Court operations under the exigent circumstances created by the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic

Feedback