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In 2000, the Massachusetts Department of Public Health (DPH) completed a major revision of its retail food and food service establishment regulation. The new document has two parts: the adoption of the federal 1999 Food Code and additional Massachusetts-specific regulations.
The adoption of the federal 1999 Food Code is the core of the regulation. The additional regulations are a supplement to the federal 1999 Food Code. The supplement includes definitions of terms, deletions of specific federal 1999 Food Code provisions, and inclusion of additional requirements that are not included in the federal 1999 Food Code.
The federal 1999 Food Code , published by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), is a document of food sanitation regulations for retail outlets (i.e., restaurants, grocery stores, nursing home kitchens, etc.).
Local, state and federal regulators rely on the FDA federal Food Code to develop and refine food safety regulations, while striving to achieve national uniformity. Many states as well as local-government jurisdictions have adopted the federal Food Code in its entirety. Presently, more than one million U.S. retail food establishments are regulated by the federal Food Code .
DPH determined that the appropriate method of revising the Massachusetts food regulation was to adopt the federal 1999 Food Code by reference, thus incorporating the entire federal 1999 Food Code into 590.000. Adopting by reference ensures that the Massachusetts regulation conforms to the federal standard.
Because the federal 1999 Food Code has been adopted as part of 105 CMR 590.000 and is the core of the regulation, it is required that you obtain a copy of the 1999 Food Code.
105 CMR 590.000: State Sanitary Code Chapter X--Minimum Sanitation Standards for Food Establishments includes regulations that are specific to Massachusetts. These regulations include requirements for special operations such as residential kitchens and mobile food units, and requirements about administration, licensing and enforcement.
These provisions are NOT included in the federal 1999 Food Code .
Copies of the 1999 Food Code are available online on the FDA website.
The 1999 Food Code may also be ordered from National Technical Information Services (NTIS). For ordering options, call NTIS at (800) 553-6847 or (703) 605-6000.
Official copies of the revised 105 CMR 590.000 and the 1999 Food Code are available for sale at:
An unofficial copy of 105 CMR 590.000 is available below.
October 1, 2000.