Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit Links

Find links to outside information on the various smart growth/smart energy modules found in this toolkit.

Accessory Dwelling Units (ADU)

Mass Housing Partnership (MHP) website's home page.

Mass Department of Housing and Community Development (DHCD) website's home page.

Subsidized Housing Inventory (SHI) and additional background information for getting ADUs listed on the SHI. (DHCD)


Agricultural Preservation

Farming and Forestry Strategies, a publication written by Frederick Taintor for the South County Watersheds Technical Planning Assistance Project of the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management. (May 2001)

Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources (MDAR) website contains further links to state and local-level programs including: Agricultural Preservation Restrictions, the Farm Viability Enhancement Program, Right to Farm, and Agricultural Commissions.

Massachusetts Community Preservation Act website maintained by the Community Preservation Coalition, an alliance of open space, affordable housing, and preservation organizations that works with municipalities to help them understand, adopt, and implement the CPA. Includes adoption specifics and a searchable database of CPA-funded projects. You can view a list of CPA cities and towns.

Fact Sheet from the Farmland Information Center, a public/private partnership between the American Farmland Trust and the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.

American Farmland Trust website contains resources to stop the loss of productive farmland and to promote farming practices that lead to a healthy environment. The Trust is a nonprofit membership organization

Massachusetts Farm Bureau Federation online provides news and information about farming issues in the Commonwealth.

Massachusetts Agricultural Commission website provides a new online resource for Commissions.


Business Improvement Districts (BID)

Massachusetts General Law Chapter 40O regulates business improvement districts. The regulations are available on this page.

The Hyannis Main Street Business Improvement District webpage provides information on the permitting process and zoning requirements within the BID, the accomplishments of the BID, and about ongoing events and entertainment on Main Street.

The Springfield Business Improvement District webpage provides information about the Springfield BID, attractions in the Springfield area including night life, dining and events, and job opportunities and partnerships within the BID.

Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development

Chapter 40R

District Improvement Financing (DIF)

Concord, NH TIF information about a $5 million Tax Increment Finance (TIF) District to develop the award-winning Corporate Center at Horseshoe Pond project created by the City.

Massachusetts Office of Business Development website's home page.

Environmental Justice

Massachusetts Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs (EEA) webpage providing a variety of Environmental Justice resources.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) webpage describing national grants, programs and working groups related to Environmental Justice.

Urban Edge Community Development Corporation (UECDC) website of CDC working to sustain healthy, diverse communities in Jamaica Plain, Roxbury and surrounding communities.

Jamaica Plain Neighborhood Development Corporation (JPNDC) organization partnering with previously listed UECDC with specialized programs in community empowerment, economic development, and affordable housing development in the Jamaica Plain area.

Groundwork Lawrence website of non-profit organization working to create sustainable environmental change in Lawrence, MA.

Form Based Codes

Form-Based Code Institute website with information on educational resources as well as links to resources and articles.

Charrette Center Form-Based Code Resources links to various online resources and articles relating to Form-Based Codes

St. Lucie, FL Land Development Regulations element of Towns, Villages and Countryside (TVC) within Comprehensive Plan displays form-based codes in action.

Inclusionary Zoning

'The Impact of Inclusionary Zoning on Development' policy brief and the 'Creating Balanced Communities: Lessons in Affordability from 5 Affluent Boston Suburbs' report (February 2005) which highlights innovative tools to create attractive, moderately priced housing and other publications from Business and Professional People for the Public Interest.

Mass Department of Housing and Community Development (DHCD) website's home page

Mass Housing Partnership website of affordable housing organization that works in concert with the Governor and the state Department of Housing and Community Development to help increase the supply of affordable housing in Massachusetts.

Low Impact Development (LID)

Urban Environmental Design Manual--Appendix-Development Criteria, provides a detailed overview of several criteria that can influence the quality and success of a redevelopment project. Published by the Sustainable Watersheds Office of the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management.

Heat Island Effect - Trees and Vegetation, online resource from the U.S. EPA promoting planting trees and vegetation as a simple and effective way to reduce heat islands and decrease local surface and air temperatures

The Low Impact Development Center is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the advancement of Low Impact Development technology. Low Impact Development is a new, comprehensive land planning and engineering design approach with a goal of maintaining and enhancing the pre-development hydrologic regime of urban and developing watersheds. Their 'Top Ten Internet Resources' for LID

Recognizing the connection between land and sea, the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) launched the Coastal Smart Growth Program in 2004 to catalogue, develop, and distribute planning, technical, regulatory, and outreach tools for real-world growth management that protects coastal resources. Four excellent LID case studies are featured.

'The Practice of Low Impact Development' report prepared for the US Department of Housing and Urban Development by the NAHB Research Center, Inc. for developers and municipal officials. (July 2003)

Low Impact Development: Urban Design Tools website provides watershed managers with a new set of tools and techniques that can be used to meet regulatory and receiving water protection program goals for urban retrofits, re-development projects, and new development sites.

Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs, LID web site


Mill Revitalization Districts (MRD)

Monarch on the Merrimack website about the mixed-use community envisioned for the redevelopment of the Wood Mill, Lawrence, MA.

Massachusetts Department Environmental Protection Brownfeilds Program webpage describing the Massachusetts Brownfields Act, relevant contacts, and a listing of publications.

Mill Reuse Summary Matrix Over 20 Massachusetts municipalities have adopted specific bylaws or ordinances that are designed to support the revitalization of mill districts. 

Open Space Residential Design (OSRD)

'The Rhode Island Conservation Development Manual: A Ten Step Process for the Planning and Design of Creative Development Projects' (June 2003) and a companion brochure 'Rhode Island Conservation Development' from the RI Department of Environmental Management, Sustainable Watersheds Office.

Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) is a founding Green Neighborhoods Alliance member and has actively promoted open space residential design along the coast and in coastal watershed communities.

Land Choices a national non-profit organization promoting land preservation choices. LandChoices is working to reach landowners and provide them with land preservation choices BEFORE they make that fateful decision to subdivide their land for conventional subdivision development.

'The Economics of Conservation Subdivisions: Price Premiums, Improvement Costs, and Absorption Rates' a 24-page article by Rayman Mohamed of Wayne State University suggests "that designs that take a holistic view of ecology, aesthetics, and sense of community can assuage concerns about higher density".

University of Michigan study finds homebuyers want view of woods, not large lawns.

Natural Lands Trust A Pennsylvania based land trust organization that has promoted Open Space Residential Design or Conservation Subdivision design in and around Philadelphia. Click on "Planning" then on "Growing Greener."

Outreach and Education

Image Library, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center The PBIC has teamed with Walkable Communities, Inc. and the Institute of Transportation Engineers Pedestrian and Bicycle Council to provide this online Image Library, a searchable collection of over 2,500 categorized images.

Smart Energy

Smart Parking

Victoria Transport Policy Institute an online encyclopedia of Transportation Demand Management and Parking Management.

'Parking Management: Strategies for More Efficient Use of Parking Resources' report by Todd Litman published through the Victoria Transport Policy Institute providing overview of parking management strategies (April 2006).

'The Trouble with Minimum Parking Requirements' report by Donald Shoup, University of California, providing overview of traditional U.S. minimum parking requirements (1999).


Traditional Neighborhood Development (TND)

Mashpee Commons webpage about the Master Plan behind this award-winning development.

Congress for the New Urbanism website highlights walkable, human-scaled neighborhoods as the building blocks of sustainable communities and regions.


Transfer of Development Rights (TDR)

Pinelands Development Credit Bank webpage from the NJ Department of Banking and Credit gives information about a program begun in 1985 which has helped increase the value of development rights and assisted owners in selling their land.


Transit Oriented Development (TOD)

'Building Transit Oriented Development in Established Communities' a paper by Julie Goodwill and Sara J. Hendricks published by the Center for Urban Transportation Research, University of South Florida (November 2002).

Victoria Transport Policy Institute using public transit to create more accessible and livable neighborhoods.

Capital Region Council of Governments transit-oriented development - detailed technical analysis.

Municipal Research and Services Center for Washington transit-supportive site design and density - a list of resources.


Wastewater Alternatives

Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection webpage listing Massachusetts wastewater regulations, forms and guidance documentation.

Massachusetts Environmental Code, Title 5 link to CMR 15.0. Standard requirements for the siting, construction, inspection, upgrade and expansion of on-site sewage treatment and disposal systems and for the transport and disposal of sewage.

Massachusetts Title 5 Guidance guidance on system upgrades in areas subject to nitrogen loading limitations effective December 1999.

Water Resource Management

Massachusetts Water Policy website and policy document (issued November 2004) from the Massachusetts Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs.

International Stormwater Best Management Practices Database project website which features technical documents, software and database developed over the past decade.

Toolbox of Riparian Buffer Management website assembles existing materials of use to local officials in drafting and implementing regulations to protect riparian areas. Developed by the Long Island NEP, regulations may or may not be applicable under MGLs.

Source Water Protection for Municipalities resource for municipal officials and community volunteers developed by The New England Interstate Water Pollution Control Commission.


Wind Power