Table for Federal Awards
The federal government is expected to provide approximately $115 billion in aid to Massachusetts in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Funding was provided through three mechanisms: direct aid provided by the federal government to individuals, businesses, non-profits, or non-state public entities; targeted aid administered by the Commonwealth; and flexible federal aid to the Commonwealth.
$63 billion was provided through federally directed aid to businesses, individuals, and public entities. This funding was provided through programs like the Paycheck Protection Program for businesses, stimulus checks for individuals, and Federal Transit Authority grants for Regional Transportation Authorities.
$41 billion was provided to the Commonwealth through targeted aid administered by the Commonwealth, including $28 billion to support COVID-related Unemployment Insurance benefits and $2.9 billion through the Elementary and Secondary Education Emergency Relief Fund. Although the Commonwealth administers these funds, state agencies are restricted by specific federal rules about who they can distribute funds to, how much, and for what purposes.
$11 billion was provided to the Commonwealth through flexible aid, including the Coronavirus Relief Fund and the Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Fund. These funding sources still have federal rules about how funds can be used, but the Commonwealth has more flexibility in deciding how and where money should be spent. The Commonwealth received $2.5 billion for the Coronavirus Relief Fund and $5.3 billion for the Coronavirus State Fiscal Recovery Fund. Through the Coronavirus Relief Fund, the City of Boston received $121 million and Plymouth County received $91 million. Through the Coronavirus Local Fiscal Recovery Fund, Massachusetts’ municipalities and functional counties received $3.4 billion.
The tool below summarizes funding directed to Massachusetts by major federal legislation in response to COVID-19. Use the arrows at the bottom to toggle between:
- A chart of funding provided by legislation and funding type; and
- A table view of funding provided to Massachusetts, with basic descriptive information, estimated amounts, and links for more information where available.
Total Targeted Federal Awards to Commonwealth Agencies
(below chart updated weekly)
$41 billion is expected to be provided to Commonwealth agencies through either targeted federal aid programs or flexible aid. Most notably, this includes nearly $28 billion for COVID-related Unemployment Insurance benefits and administrative funding provided in the CARES Act and extended via the December 2020 stimulus package and the American Rescue Plan Act.
Other key estimated funding streams include the Elementary and Secondary School Emergency Relief Funds ($2.9 billion); the enhanced Federal Assistance Percentage (FMAP), which is expected to generate approximately $2.6 billion; the Epidemiological and Laboratory Capacity grant program (estimated $1.8 billion across several pieces of legislation) the Emergency Rental Assistance Program ($843 million); the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s Public Assistance Grant program (expected to generate about $641 million); child care stabilization funding ($314 million); and other targeted programs.
The table below summarizes COVID-related federal funds expected to be provided to the Commonwealth (other than certain unique programs that have dedicated sections, such as the Coronavirus State Fiscal Recovery Fund, the Coronavirus Relief Fund, and the FEMA Public Assistance program), and provides information about how the Commonwealth is spending these funds. This table is updated weekly.
Use the drop-down lists to filter for specific federal legislation, purposes, funding sources, or administering state agencies. Right-click on a funding source or use the button on the top right to view expenditure details. Click the arrows in the bottom right corner to view the table in full-screen mode.
Revenue maximization in an evolving federal environment
As the federal government issues guidance and as the priorities to respond to the pandemic change, A&F adapts its strategy for allocating funds in order to maximize the amount of federal funds available to the Commonwealth.
Some of the work associated with maximizing federal revenue happens retrospectively: an expense is incurred and allocated to an available state or federal funding source, but it may be reallocated later if a more appropriate funding source is identified. Spending may be reallocated between different federal funding sources, or between federal sources and state sources. Factors that A&F considers in matching spending with funding sources include: eligibility rules, spending deadlines, the availability of new funding sources, compliance risks, and other considerations.
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Boston, MA 02133