Opinion  CJE Opinion No. 99-13

Date: 11/04/1999
Organization: Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court

After the Committee on Judicial Ethics issued this opinion, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court adopted a revised Code of Judicial Conduct. Because this opinion was rendered under a prior version of the Code, a judge should not rely on it without contacting the Committee on Judicial Ethics.

Contact   for CJE Opinion No. 99-13

Committee on Judicial Ethics

Table of Contents

Signing Nomination Papers

You have asked for this Committee's advice on whether a judge, by signing a "nomination paper," violates Canon 7 (A) (1) (b) which prohibits judges from publicly endorsing a candidate for public office.

The signer's statement on a nomination paper says in substance that the signatory is qualified to sign and that he or she "make[s] the . . . nomination to be voted for at the primary . . . ." On the same nomination paper, the candidate "accept[s] the nomination." While nomination papers are not high profile documents and frequently play no role in campaigns once a position on the ballot is secured, they are public documents. Signing a nomination paper constitutes a public endorsement of the candidate's placement on the ballot, and thus can be construed as a public endorsement of the candidate.

We decline to draw so fine a line as to distinguish between a public endorsement of a candidate for election and a public endorsement of a candidate for placement on a ballot. As the ABA Commentary on Canon 7 explains, while a judge does not surrender his rights as a citizen, "the fundamental need for impartiality and the appearance of impartiality dictates that limits be placed on the political conduct of judges . . . ." American Bar Assoc., Reporter's Notes to Code of Judicial Conduct (1972). This position is also consistent with Canon 2 (A) which requires a judge to "conduct himself at all times in a manner that promotes public confidence in the integrity and impartiality of the judiciary." Accordingly, we conclude that the signing of nomination papers is precluded by the Canons.

Contact   for CJE Opinion No. 99-13

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