|Organization:||Massachusetts Department of Revenue|
|Referenced Sources:||Massachusetts General Laws|
Introduction: The Jet Fuel Tax is a local option tax enacted by a city or town and collected by DOR. The money is not part of the general fund, but is remitted by DOR directly to the taxing city or town. See 830 CMR 64J.4.1.
The following cities and towns have enacted the jet fuel tax:
Applications for Licenses: Suppliers and user‑sellers of jet fuel must submit license application Form JFT-1 (no fee) initially and renew by each January 1st. Suppliers must be bonded up to three times their average monthly tax with a minimum bond of $10,000. User‑sellers are not generally required to be bonded. See 830 CMR 64J.4.1(4). All returns must be filed and outstanding taxes must be paid in full before a license will be issued.
Filing Requirements: All licensed suppliers must file Form JFT-4S and all licensed user‑sellers must file Form JFT-4U on or before the 20th day of each month following the month of sale or use. Returns must be filed even if no tax is due. If a new city or town enacts the jet fuel tax, the Excises Tax Unit will notify suppliers and user-sellers of record.
Payment: Suppliers with total annual payments in excess of $10,000 must make monthly payments via electronic funds transfer (EFT). For all others, payment must accompany Form JFT-4S. Make the check or money order for the exact amount payable to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
Estimated Tax Payments: None.
Rate of Tax: The rate of tax is 5% of the average price per gallon (as determined by the Commissioner) computed to the nearest 10th of a cent per gallon but no less than $.05/gallon. All suppliers and user-sellers of record will be notified of the rate approximately four (4) weeks before the beginning of the calendar quarter. The current tax rate is also published on the DOR website in the Fuels Excise Information section.
Exemptions: The following sales or uses are either exempt from jet fuel tax or may entitle the purchaser to a refund: (1) sales or use of bonded fuel; (2) sold to or for use by the Federal Government; (3) for sale, resale or use in a city or town which has not adopted the tax; (4) for sale to a licensed supplier; or (5) for sale or use in other than jet aircraft operation. See "Refunds" below. In certain instances, sales or use tax may nonetheless apply.
Interest and Penalties: If Aircraft (Jet) Fuel Supplier Tax Returns are not properly filed, interest and penalties may be assessed. As of January 1, 1993, the Massachusetts interest rate is based on the federal short‑term rate plus four percentage points, compounded daily. G.L. c. 62C, § 32, as amended. For more information on calculation of interest, see Regulation 830 CMR 62C.33.1, TIR 92-6 and TIR quarterly rate updates. The penalty for late filing is 1%/month or fraction thereof, not to exceed 25% of the amount due; the penalty for late payment is 1%/month for each month or fraction thereof, not to exceed 25% of the amount due.
See TIR 99-18 regarding waiver of G.L. c. 62C, § 33(c) late‑pay penalties and suspension or involuntary collection activities under G.L. c. 62C, § 32(e) when the taxpayer disputes the assessment (or any portion thereof) administratively within DOR or with the Appellate Tax Board or Probate Court.
Extensions of Time to File: For good cause, the Commissioner may grant a reasonable extension of time for filing a return. Requests must be in writing to the address below. Failure to pay 80% of the tax required to be paid on or before the due date for payment of tax will void any extension of time to file and the return will be subject to penalty as a late return. See 830 CMR 62C.19.1.
Abatements: Licensees may apply for abatements on Form CA-6, handled by the Customer Services Bureau.
Refunds: Refund applications must be submitted on Form JFT-9 within two years of date of purchase. Copies of sales receipts showing tax paid must be submitted with the form to the Excises Unit, Jet Fuel Tax Section.
Interest: Refund payments are not subject to interest.
Changing Information or Status: Changes must be submitted in writing to the address given below.
For more information, contact:
Massachusetts Department of Revenue
Excises Unit, Jet Fuel Tax Section
P.O. Box 7012
Boston, MA 02204