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Letter Ruling

Letter Ruling Letter Ruling 82-78: Vitamins, Food Substitutes and Dietary Supplements

Date: 08/03/1982
Organization: Massachusetts Department of Revenue
Referenced Sources: Massachusetts General Laws

Sales and Use Tax

August 3, 1982


You inquire whether the Massachusetts sales tax applies to of food substitutes known as ********** and ********** and the vitamin tablets which are used in conjunction with them.

The ********** ("Institute") provides a program of weight reduction for obese patients. The program includes a fasting phase, lasting up to one year, in which patients eat no foods other than the food substitutes and the vitamins. During the subsequent maintenance phase the food substitutes are eaten in place of some meals.

During the fasting phase the food substitutes are consumed five times a day and the vitamins once a day. A four week supply of the food substitute costs **********. A bottle of 100 vitamin tablets, which is a 14 week supply, is dispensed to patients when they initially purchase the food substitutes, and thereafter as needed, at no additional cost. You state that the bottle of vitamins has a retail value of **********. During the fasting phase patients also pay a monthly service fee of ********** which covers the cost of weekly visits with a physician, blood tests and behavior modification sessions.

One of the food substitutes, **********, contains egg white, sugar, cocoa and various minerals and provides 300 calories per serving. The other food substitute, **********, also contains whey protein and provides 500 calories per serving. Both preparations are in powdered form and are mixed with water or other non-caloric beverages. The vitamin tablets contain iron and iodine in addition to vitamins.

General Laws Chapter 64H, Section 6(h) exempts from taxation sales of food products for human consumption. Specifically excluded from the definition of food products are "medicines, tonics and preparations in liquid, powdered, granular, tablet, capsule, lozenge and pill form sold as dietary supplements or adjuncts."

Based on the foregoing it is ruled that:

1. Sales of the food substitutes, ********** and **********, are exempt from the sales tax.

2. The Institute is subject to the sales tax on its purchases of the vitamins which it dispenses to patients enrolled in its weight reduction program.

Very truly yours,

/s/Daniel B. Breen

Daniel B. Breen
Acting Commissioner of Revenue


LR 82-78

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