On May 10, 1995, the Petitioner initiated these proceedings by
issuing an Order To Show Cause ("OTSC") pursuant to the
Commission's Rules of Practice and Procedure. 930 CMR s. 1.01
(5)(a). The OTSC alleges that Kevin B. Kinsella, while serving as
a selectman in the Town of Scituate, violated G.L. c. 268A,
s.23(b)(2) by attempting to use his official position as selectman
to secure for his son the unwarranted privilege and exemption from
arrest, bail and prosecution for a charge of operating a motor
vehicle under the influence of intoxicating liquor (OUI). The
Petitioner has charged that Kevin Kinsella attempted to use his
position as a selectman to secure for his son the privilege or
exemption from arrest, bail, and prosecution by contacting the
chief of police to obtain his son's release from custody and to
give Kevin Kinsella "professional courtesy" in relation to his
The Respondent filed an Answer in which he generally denied
the charge, except he admitted that Stephen Kinsella is his son and
he further answered that the Scituate Police Department violated
his son's constitutional rights by failing to contact a bail
commissioner in a timely manner and failing to allow his son to
obtain a blood test in a timely manner. He also asserted that he
was merely seeking the release of his son on the night of his
arrest; that his son was acquitted of the charges; and that the
usual disposition by a court for a first time offender is probation
for one year and attendance at an alcohol education program, after
which the charges are dismissed. The Respondent did not assert any
An adjudicatory hearing was held on December 7, 8 and 18,
1995. At the conclusion of the evidence, the parties were
invited to submit legal briefs to the full Commission. 930 CMR s.
1.01(9)(k). The Petitioner submitted a brief on March 27, 1996.
The Respondent submitted a brief on June 10, 1996. The parties
presented their closing arguments before the Commission on
August 8, 1996. 930 CMR 1.01(9)(e)(5). Deliberations began in
executive session on August 8, 1996. G.L. c. 268B, s.4(i); 930 CMR
1.01(9)(m)(1). Deliberations were concluded on October 15, 1996.
1. Between 1991 and the present, Kevin Kinsella has served as
an elected selectman in the Town of Scituate. Among their duties,
the Board of Selectmen review the police department budget, make
general policies regarding the police department, and hire the town
administrator. The town administrator hires the police chief.
2. Stephen Kinsella is Kevin Kinsella's son.
3. At approximately 3:00 a.m. on May 11, 1992, Stephen
Kinsella was arrested by the Scituate police for OUI and failure to
stay in lanes.
4. Shortly after the arrest, Mr. Kinsella learned his son was
arrested when he received a call from his son at the police
station. As a result of this telephone call, Kevin Kinsella went
to the Scituate police station. He spoke with Officer Bud Thorn
who was the officer at the desk that night and he asked Officer
Thorn if he could see his son.
5. Officer Thorn introduced him to the arresting officer,
Officer Whittier. Mr. Kinsella did not approach Officer Whittier
and request that he drop the charges.
6. Officer Thorn offered to and did bring Stephen to see his
father. Mr. Kinsella asked Officer Thorn if he could take his son
home, but Officer Thorn informed him that the police could not
release his son
as the bail commissioner refused to come to the police station
after 11:30 at night, and a person who had been arrested could not
be released until bail was set.
7. Officer Thorn suggested that Chief Nielen might let
Kinsella take his son home and asked Mr. Kinsella if he wanted
Thorn to call the chief. Officer Thorn called the chief and
informed him of Stephen Kinsella's arrest, and that Mr. Kinsella
was at the station and wanted to talk to the chief.
8. Chief Nielen called the station and spoke with Mr.
Kinsella. Kinsella asked the chief if he could take his son home
and he asked if he could bail his son. The chief informed Mr.
Kinsella that the bail commissioner would not come out after 11:30
at night, so Kinsella's son would have to stay in the jail until
9. On May 11, 1992, Mr. Kinsella did not ask Chief Nielen to
drop the charges pending against his son.
10. Later May 11, 1992, Stephen Kinsella was taken by the
Scituate Police to the District Court where he was arraigned on the
charges of OUI and failure to stay in lanes and released on
11. In the afternoon of May 13, 1992, Kevin Kinsella called
Chief Nielen from the Scituate selectman's office and requested a
meeting with the chief. According to Mr. Kinsella's testimony,
he was concerned with publicity and did not want to meet the chief
at the police station or in the selectman's office. Prior to
May 13, the arrest had not been publicized and Kinsella hoped that
there would continue to be no publicity surrounding his son's
12. Kinsella and the chief agreed to meet at the Cole
Parkway, a large parking area at the harbor, in the center of
Scituate. The meeting was held in Kinsella's car and lasted
between forty-five minutes and one hour. Kinsella requested that
the meeting be "confidential and off the record" because of his
concern about publicity.
13. Among the things discussed at the May 13 meeting were
Kinsella's displeasure that his son had not been released on bail
on the night of the arrest, that Kinsella believed that this
refusal to call the bail commissioner violated his son's
constitutional rights, and that the Scituate police were violating
the bail laws. Mr. Kinsella was concerned that the Town might be
subject to civil liability in the future if the police department
continued its bail practices.
14. Kinsella asked Chief Nielen for "professional courtesy".
According to Mr. Kinsella's testimony, in using the term
"professional courtesy", his intent was to seek the police chief's
assistance in keeping his son's arrest from being publicized in the
15. By the end of the conversation, Chief Nielen believed, by
Kinsella's use of the term "professional courtesy", that Mr.
Kinsella wanted him to intercede in his son's case or to drop the
charges. Chief Nielen believed that Kevin Kinsella was very
disappointed with how his son's case had been handled by the
16. Kinsella did not explicitly ask the police chief to drop
the charges against his son or to speak to the District Attorney
about the charges or to intervene in the court proceedings against
his son. Chief Nielen did not intercede in the arrest, bail, or
prosecution of Stephen Kinsella.
As a preliminary matter we must decide whether, at the
relevant time, Mr. Kinsella was a municipal employee subject to
G.L. c. 268A. In his Answer, the Respondent admitted that he is a
selectman in the Town of Scituate, but, he denies, without
explanation, that he is a municipal employee.
We conclude, as a matter of law and fact, that, at all times
relevant, Mr. Kinsella was a municipal employee. Clearly under G.L.
c. 268A, s.1 a selectman is a person "performing services for or
holding an office in a municipal agency". By statute, G.L. c. 41,
s.1 includes the position of selectman as a town officer. Finally,
in Board of Selectmen of Avon v. Linder, 352 Mass. 581 (1967), the
Supreme Judicial Court, within the context of reviewing a violation
under the precursor to s.23(b)(2), stated "[t]he defendant as a
member of the Board of Selectmen, the highest town office, is a
municipal officer or employee within the meaning [of s.23]." Id. at
B. Section 23(b)(2)
G.L. c. 268A, s. 23 contains the "standards of conduct"
applicable to all state, county, and municipal employees. Section
23(b)(2), in relevant part, provides
that "No current officer or employee of a ...municipal agency shall
knowingly, or with reason to know, use or attempt to use his
official position to secure for himself or others unwarranted
privileges or exemptions which are of substantial value and which
are not properly available to similarly situated individuals."
Under 930 CMR s. 1.01 (9)(m)(2), in order to establish a violation
of G.L. c. 268A, the Commission must find that the Petitioner has
proven its case by a preponderance of the evidence.
1. Conversation Of May 11, 1992
The Commission finds that there is not a preponderance of the
evidence (direct or circumstantial) that Mr. Kinsella attempted to
use his position to obtain an unwarranted privilege or exemption
from arrest or bail for his son on the evening of May 11, 1992. We
find credible Mr. Kinsella's testimony that Officer Thorn, not
Kinsella, suggested that the chief be contacted. The Petitioner has
not provided evidence to dispute this fact and Police Chief Nielen
confirmed that Officer Thorn placed the telephone call. The chief
also testified that he had previously received telephone calls at
home from concerned parents and that he considered Kinsella, that
night, to be a concerned parent.
There is also no evidence to show that Kinsella directly or
indirectly asked either the arresting officer or the chief to drop
the charges on the evening of May 11, 1992. Nor is there evidence
that he requested that the police bypass proper bail procedures.
Kinsella's unrefuted testimony was that he wanted to pay whatever
bail would be set for his son so that he could take his son home.
2. Conversation Of May 13, 1992
We must determine whether Kinsella, by holding a private
conversation with the police chief regarding his son's arrest,
knowingly or with reason to know attempted to use his selectman's
position to obtain an unwarranted privilege or exemption for his
son. In our review of all of the evidence, we acknowledge that
this is a very close case. This case does not present the
situation of a direct request for a favor. Rather, we must weigh
the testimony of the two individuals who were the participants in
the conversation at issue.
We find that Police Chief Nielen was sincere and credible in
his belief and interpretation of the conversation he had with Mr.
Kinsella on May 13, 1992. He believed that the Respondent was
requesting the police chief's intervention and leniency in the
criminal proceedings against Stephen Kinsella.
However, we also find that Kevin Kinsella was credible in his
testimony regarding the reasons he requested a conversation with
the police chief. We find that the Respondent was concerned about
and wanted to minimize the publicity surrounding his son's arrest.
We find, based on Kinsella's testimony, which we credit, that
Kinsella's intent in initiating the conversation with the police
chief was not to influence his son's case, but rather, as a father,
to defend his son, and, as a selectman, to criticize the bail
practices of the Scituate Police Department and to share his
concerns that the bail laws were being violated by the Scituate
Because we find both witnesses to the conversation to be
credible, we conclude that the Petitioner has not met the
preponderance of the evidence standard in this case. The Petitioner
cannot prevail "if the question is left to guess, surmise,
conjecture or speculation, so that the facts established are
equally consistent [with no violation as with a violation]".
Tartas' Case, 328 Mass. 585 (1952).
Although we do not conclude that the Petitioner has proved its
case, we do not condone the Respondent's conduct, which can best be
described as extremely poor judgment under the circumstances. The
Respondent's conduct suggested an abuse of power which, at the
time, warranted investigation by this Commission.
After weighing the evidence, a majority of the Commissioners
conclude that the Petitioner has not proven, by a preponderance of
the evidence, that Mr. Kinsella violated G.L. c. 268A, s.23(b)(2)
in his conversations with the Scituate police chief.