The legislation that established the Massachusetts Sentencing Commission directed the commission to conduct a comprehensive survey of sentencing practices. This report updates earlier surveys of sentencing practices which began as part of the process of formulating sentencing guidelines. The present survey considers individuals convicted in Massachusetts courts during FY 2011. The survey considers the nature of the sentence imposed following conviction, including sentences to probation or incarceration. The survey also presents the length of sentences imposed when those sentences include a period of incarceration.