BUAR - Frequently Asked Questions

Find information from the Massachusetts Board of Underwater Archaeological Resources (BUAR) on isolated finds and discovering artifacts in Massachusetts waters.
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Artifacts recovered from state lands (uplands and wetlands) and all submerged bottom lands are state property. It is a violation of state law to surface collect or excavate on state lands or submerged bottom lands without having proper authorization. The only exceptions are for the surface collection of Isolated Finds from submerged bottom lands (also referred to as bottomlands, submerged lands, or lands under water, including intertidal) and at Exempted Sites. However, anyone who collects an Isolated Find must report these recoveries to BUAR.

What is an Isolated Find?

An Isolated Find is an artifact displaced from its original archaeological context through erosions, water currents, or other natural processes, or the result of random human deposition. Determining if an artifact is an Isolated Find rest exclusively with BUAR.

What is an Underwater Archaeological Resource or Site?

Any of the following having historical value and located within the inland, intertidal or coastal waters of the Commonwealth or the lands under such waters can be considered an underwater archaeological resource or site: abandoned properties, artifacts, treasure troves, sunken ships, or other sites, deemed to possess historical value by BUAR. Archaeological sites include artifacts associated with sunken or abandoned watercraft or aircraft, submerged docks, bridges, and other structures, or artifacts contained in buried sites representing human activities. The collecting of Isolated Finds is not allowed from archaeological sites or within Underwater Archaeological Preserves.

Can I collect artifacts from Public Lands?

Ownership of archaeological sites and artifacts located on public dry lands and all submerged lands is vested in the Commonwealth. No one may collect artifacts from public lands and all submerged lands without first obtaining an appropriate permit. On submerged lands in state waters, the permitting authority vests in BUAR.

Can I collect artifacts from Massachusetts waters?

Artifacts found in and recovered from Massachusetts waters are state property. No one may remove, damage, displace or destroy any underwater archaeological resource, including artifacts, without a permit from BUAR. The only exceptions, not requiring a permit, are collecting from an Exempted Site or Isolated Finds. Diving for artifacts is not allowed within Underwater Archaeological Preserves.

How can I keep artifacts I find in Massachusetts waters?

There are only three legal methods by which you can keep artifacts found in Massachusetts waters—under a proper permit, if they were recovered from an Exempted Site, or by filing an Isolated Find Form (PDF, 228 KB).

When am I breaking the law?

When you surface collect or excavate an archaeological site on state lands without having proper authorization. When you collect an Isolated Find from state terrestrial lands or any underwater lands and do not report it to BUAR through an Isolated Find Form (PDF, 228 KB).

What are my responsibilities?

In the event you collect an Isolated Find from state bottomlands, you must report it to BUAR through an Isolated Find Form (PDF, 228 KB).

Where do I get Isolated Find Forms and More Information?

It is very simple. You can contact BUAR by writing to the Board of Underwater Archaeological Resources at 251 Causeway Street, Suite 800, Boston, MA 02114, or by emailing or calling Victor Mastone, Director, at victor.mastone@state.ma.us or (617) 626-1141. In addition, all BUAR Permits and Exemption Requirements are available online.

Also, these Frequently Asked Questions are available as a PDF file (PDF, 202 KB). 

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