|Organization:||State Ethics Commission|
Settlement In the Matter of David Bunker
Table of Contents
This Disposition Agreement is entered into between the State Ethics Commission and David Bunker pursuant to Section 5 of the Commission's Enforcement Procedures. This Agreement constitutes a consented-to final order enforceable in Superior Court, pursuant to G.L. c. 268B, s.4(j).
On November 12, 2003, the Commission initiated, pursuant to G.L. c. 268B, s.4(a), a preliminary inquiry into possible violations of the conflict of interest law, G.L. c. 268A, by Bunker. The Commission has concluded its inquiry and, on December 16, 2003, found reasonable cause to believe that Bunker violated G.L. c. 268A, s. 23(b)(2).
The Commission and Bunker now agree to the following findings of fact and conclusions of law:
Findings of Fact
1. Between January 2001 and January 2003, Bunker was a state representative from Rutland.
2. A member of the general court is entitled to receive a per diem allowance for each day that the member is present at the State House in the performance of his duties. Bunker's per diem allowance based on his residence in Rutland was $36.
3. In mid-July 2002, Bunker became sick with mononucleosis. While he was ill, Bunker was at the State House only on infrequent occasions. Bunker requested and received, however, per diem allowances for three to four days a week during the period of mid-July 2002 to mid-September 2002.
4. Bunker acknowledges that he was not entitled to approximately 30 per diem allowances paid to him during this period.
Conclusions of Law
5. Section 23(b)(2) prohibits public employees from, knowingly or with reason to know, using or attempting to use their official position to secure for themselves or others unwarranted privileges or exemptions of substantial value not properly available to similarly situated individuals.
6. As a state representative, Bunker was a state employee pursuant to G.L. c. 268A, s. 1.
7. By certifying as a state representative to the state treasurer that he was present at the State House, Bunker used his state representative position to secure his per diem allowance.
8. Approximately 30 of the per diems Bunker received were an unwarranted privilege because he was not present at the State House on those days as required by G.L. c. 3, s. 9B.
9. At $36 per day, 30 per diems totaled $1,080. Therefore, the privilege was of substantial value.
10. The privilege, which Bunker received, is not properly available to other members of the legislature as it is contrary to state law.
11. Thus, by receiving $50 or more in travel per diems for days in which he was not present at the State House, Bunker knowingly used his state representative position to obtain an unwarranted privilege of substantial value not properly available to other similarly situated individuals in violation of s.23(b)(2).
In view of the foregoing violation of G.L. c. 268A by Bunker, the Commission has determined that the public interest would be served by the disposition of this matter without further enforcement proceedings, on the basis of the following terms and conditions agreed to by Bunker:
(1) that Bunker pay to the Commission the sum of $2,000 as a civil penalty for violating G.L. c. 268A, s. 23(b)(2);
(2) that Bunker reimburse the Commonwealth of Massachusetts the sum of $1,080 as a civil forfeiture for the per diem allowances that he was not entitled to receive; and
(3) that he waive all rights to contest the findings of fact, conclusions of law and terms and conditions contained in this Agreement in this or any other related administrative or judicial proceedings to which the Commission is or may be a party.
I, David Bunker, have personally read the above Disposition Agreement. I understand that it is a public document and that by signing it, I will have agreed to all of the terms and conditions therein including payment of $2,000 to the State Ethics Commission and $1,080 to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.