Filing your appeal
The civil service appeal process starts when the Civil Service Commission (CSC) receives your appeal. We will docket it, give it a docket number, and send an appeal acknowledgement to the parties involved. In most cases, we will set up a pre-hearing conference within 30 days of receiving the appeal.
A representative or attorney can present your case, but you aren't required to have one. You are still required to attend the pre-hearing conference even if you are represented.
Additional Resources for
Your pre-hearing conference
A pre-hearing conference is an informal meeting conducted by a member of the Commission and typically lasts 30 minutes. It is important to appear on time at the location listed on the pre-hearing notice that you received. The pre-hearing will be held at the CSC offices in Boston or at an off-site location in Springfield, Lowell or North Dartmouth.
At the beginning of the pre-hearing conference, each party will submit an appearance form and, if you have prepared one, a pre-hearing conference memo that contains the information listed on the pre-hearing notice.
The Commissioner conducting the pre-hearing conference will cover the following topics:
- An overview of the civil service appeal process, including any questions that either party may have about the process.
- A reminder that all decisions issued by the Civil Service Commission are posted on the Commission’s website.
- Agreement on undisputed facts related to the appeal, often called “stipulated facts”.
- If applicable, a discussion related to whether the Commission has jurisdiction to hear the appeal (i.e. – was it filed timely?)
- A preview of the argument and evidence (i.e. – documents, witness testimony) that each party will present at the next step of the process, which is usually a full hearing.
- If applicable, a discussion regarding the possibility of settling the matter without a full hearing.
- Any requests for information that either party may have of each other, to prepare for the full hearing.
- If necessary, agreement on a mutually acceptable date for a full hearing, which will be held within 60 days of the full hearing at the CSC offices in Boston or at an off-site hearing location in Springfield, Lowell or North Dartmouth. Before the pre-hearing, both parties must check their own availability and the availability of key witnesses so that a full hearing date can be set at the conclusion of the pre-hearing.
Before your full hearing
After your pre-hearing conference, we will schedule your case for a full hearing. This hearing is usually held within 60 days of the pre-hearing conference. The Chairman assigns a Commissioner or Hearing Officer to hear the appeal. In most cases, this is a member of the CSC.
Preparing for the full hearing
Now that the pre-hearing has been completed, you will have agreed upon a mutually acceptable date for a full hearing, which will be held within 60 days after the pre-hearing.
It is important that you use the time before to the full hearing wisely to ensure that you are prepared to present your case on the day of the full hearing. You should use this time to complete the following:
- Obtain any relevant documents that you wish to introduce at the full hearing. If you are requesting documents from the other party, you must put this request in writing. If the other party does not produce the documents requested, you may ask the Commission, in writing, to “compel” the production of these documents. The initial request for documents, and, if necessary, the request to compel, must be completed before the full hearing.
- If you wish to have a witness testify on the day of the full hearing, you may ask this person to appear voluntarily or, if necessary, you may request authorization from the Commission to issue a subpoena to require this person’s attendance at the hearing.
- Make 2 copies of any documents you wish to present at the full hearing. You will need to keep the original copy. Provide 1 copy of the documents to the other party and 1 copy to the hearing officer.
- The documents provided to the hearing officer and the other party must be redacted so that they do not contain any of the following data:
- Social security number
- Taxpayer identification number
- Numbers of credit cards, bank accounts and other financial accounts.
- Driver’s license number
- State-issued identification card number
- Passport number
- Phone Numbers
- Residential Address (if relevant to the case, redact all but the city or town)
- A person's parent's birth surname, including maiden name, if it is identified as such (e.g. "mother's maident name: XXX")
- Name of minor child and school he or she attends; and
- Name of victim of crime.
- Prepare a brief “opening statement” to give at the beginning of the full hearing. This should be a brief preview of your case (i.e. – what the hearing officer should expect to see in the documents presented or hear from the witnesses, including yourself). These opening statements are typically no more than 2-3 minutes.
- When possible, meet with the other party to reach agreement on the documents to be submitted and any other stipulated facts which may minimize the number of witnesses who will need to testify.
Additional Resources for
Requesting a continuance
For pre-hearings only, the Commission allows a one-time continuance for any reason, if the following requirements are met:
- The party requesting the continuance contacts the other party and gets mutually acceptable dates for a re-scheduled pre-hearing to be held within 30 days.
- The party requesting the continuance submits the request to the Commission’s Office Manager, copied to the other party, with the mutually acceptable new date to the Commission’s Office Manager.
You can submit continuance requests:
- Via email to: email@example.com
- Via fax to: (617) 727-7590
For full hearings, the CSC only grants continuances in extraordinary circumstances and must be approved by the Chairman of the Commission or the Commissioner who has been assigned to conduct the full hearing. Ongoing settlement discussions and/or appearance by counsel in another forum are not considered extraordinary circumstances.
Your full hearing
A full hearing is a formal proceeding conducted by a member of the Commission, who will serve as the hearing officer. It is important that you appear on time at the hearing location listed on the full hearing notice that you received. For disciplinary appeals, the hearing is private (closed to the public) unless either party makes a request for a public hearing. All other hearings (i.e. – bypass appeals, classification, examination appeals, etc.) are open to the public.
- When you arrive at the hearing location, you should check in with the Commission’s Office Manager (if in Boston) or with the hearing officer (if at an off-site location).
- You will need to complete an updated Appearance Form to be given to the hearing officer.
- If you have witnesses testifying on your behalf, you should greet them, ask them to have a seat, and let them know that you will let them know when their testimony is required.
- The hearing officer will call the case and ask both parties to have a seat at the hearing table in the hearing room and submit the updated Appearance Forms to the hearing officer.
- Prior to going on the record (turning on the recorder), the hearing officer may opt to complete certain tasks “off the record”. For example, the hearing officer may choose to review the proposed documents off the record and note any objections after the formal proceeding has begun.
- The hearing officer will officially open the full hearing by reading an introduction, which includes references to the rules under which the hearing is conducted, and a reminder that all Commission decisions are posted on the Commission’s website.
- Each party will then be given an opportunity to make an opening statement.
- Typically, the Respondent (i.e. – the Appointing Authority) will present their case first, by calling their witnesses and asking them questions. This is referred to as “direct testimony”.
- After direct testimony is completed, the Appellant has the opportunity to ask these witnesses questions. This is referred to as “cross examination.”
- Throughout the hearing, the hearing officer will make rulings, if necessary, regarding any objections to taking certain testimonies (i.e. – is it relevant?). The Commission is not bound by the Court’s Rules of Evidence and, in some cases, may allow hearsay testimony if it meets certain criteria.
- After each of the witnesses for the Respondent has testified, the Respondent will then “rest” their case.
- At this point, the Appellant will have the opportunity to present witnesses, ask the witnesses questions (direct testimony), and subject them to cross examination by the Respondent. The Appellant will also have the opportunity to testify on his or her own behalf.
- At the conclusion of the testimony of the Appellant and his or her witnesses, the Appellant will then “rest” his / her case.
- The hearing officer will then discuss with the parties whether he/she will conclude the hearing through closing statements or, in some cases, whether the parties will have the opportunity to submit what are referred to as “proposed decisions” to the hearing officer, typically within 30 days of the close of the full hearing.
- If proposed decisions are accepted, the hearing officer will provide both parties with instructions on how to complete / submit these proposed decisions.
- Within 2-3 days of the full hearing, both parties will receive a CD in the mail of the digital recording of the hearing.
After your hearing
After the full hearings, the parties may, at the discretion of the hearing officer, be asked to submit “proposed decisions”, typically within 30 days of completing the full hearing.
The hearing officer is responsible for drafting a decision to be reviewed by the full Civil Service Commission as part of a bi-weekly Executive Session.
After the Commission votes on the decision, the final decision is emailed to both parties to the email addresses listed on the appearance form. The Commission does not send an additional copy of the decision via first class mail.
Additional Resources for
Appealing the decision
Any decision issued by the Commission includes information about the right to file a:
- Motion for reconsideration with the Commission
- Judicial appeal of the decision with the Superior Court