Updated: April 6, 2021
You can deduct certain commuting costs against your Form 1 or 1-NR/PY income for:
- Tolls paid through an E-ZPass MA account
- The cost of weekly or monthly passes for
- MBTA transit
- Commuter rail
- Commuter boat
Learn more with the Massachusetts Commuter Deduction tutorial.
For single, married filing separate, or head of household filers, the deduction applies only to the portion of costs that exceeds $150.
For married couples filing joint, the deduction applies only to the portion of costs that exceeds $150, per person. You can't transfer your excess deduction to your spouse.
You can't deduct more than $750 per person.
Any amount paid must be reduced by any amount reimbursed, or otherwise deductible. The commuter deduction is allowed only if the amount isn't otherwise deducted. Where transportation costs are deductible both under Massachusetts General Laws Chapter 62, Section 3(B)(a)(15) and any other provision of law, the same expenses cannot be deducted twice.
The Massachusetts exclusion amount for 2019 is:
- $265 per month for employer-provided parking
- $140 per month for combined transit pass and commuter highway vehicle transportation benefits
If an employer pays for your MBTA pass, the amount by which the value of the pass exceeds $140 a month is:
- Included in your income
- Reported as wages on your W-2
To calculate the deduction in these circumstances:
- Deduct the $140 a month from the cost of the pass
- The remainder is the amount qualifying for the deduction
- The amount of the deduction is the portion of the qualifying expenses that exceed $150
- The total amount deducted cannot exceed $750.
Employee Payment by Payroll Reduction
When you pay for an MBTA pass through payroll reduction, the total cost of the pass is eligible for the Massachusetts deduction, assuming all other requirements are met.
Passes that are eligible for the deduction
Passes that are eligible for the deduction include:
- Any MBTA commuter pass or CharlieCard that is designated a 1-day, 7-day, and monthly passes
- The MBTA commuter rail 1-day, 7-day, and monthly passes
- The MBTA express bus or commuter boat passes
Tolls and passes that aren't covered:
- Regional transit authorities
- Charlie Tickets that have been sold by the MBTA to replace payment by tokens or cash
Qualification for the deduction is determined by completing the following worksheets:
- For residents:
- Schedule Y Worksheet - Commuter Deduction
- For part-year residents:
- Schedule Y Worksheet - Commuter Deduction
- To determine the amount allowable, multiply the amount of this deduction by the ratio in Massachusetts Form 1-NR/PY, Line 3, Total Days as Massachusetts resident
- This deduction must be prorated based on the number of days you are a Massachusetts resident
- For nonresidents:
- The Schedule Y Worksheet - Commuter Deduction
- To determine the amount allowable, multiply the amount of this deduction by Massachusetts Form 1-NR/PY, Line 14g, Nonresident Deduction and Exemption Ratio
- This deduction must be prorated based on the amount of your Massachusetts source income to your total income
Documentation to Submit with Abatement/Amended Tax Return
To complete an abatement or amended tax return, you must submit the following form:
- Copy of Form 1040 - U.S. Individual Income Tax Return or
- Form 1040X - Amended U.S. Individual Income Tax Return
Dependents claimed on your income tax returns
The deduction is allowed if:
- You purchase a pass for a dependent who is claimed on your tax return, and
- The dependent doesn't also claim the deduction
The total amount can't exceed $750 for per person.
If you and your spouse are filing a joint return, the total amount deducted can't exceed $750 per person, making the maximum deduction for a joint return is $1,500.
Example: Husband and wife filing jointly - husband pays for both his and dependent's MBTA passes totaling $1,200; wife pays for her passes totaling $550. Amount of deduction allowed would be $1,150 ($750 for husband and $400 for wife)
|for Himself and Dependent||for Herself|
|Deduction Amount Before Limitation:||$1,050||$400|
|Deduction Amount With Limitation:||$750||$400|
Keeping Record of Commuter Costs
To substantiate allowable commuting costs, please keep records of:
- Monthly passes
- FastLane reports
- Credit card statements
- Bank statements
- Pay stubs
- Similar statements and receipts