Terrestrial, Palustrine, and Estuarine Community Types

Formal and technical descriptions of the community types in the Classification of Natural Communities of Massachusetts, Version 2.0.

Terrestrial Community Types

Terrestrial communities occur in upland on predominantly well-drained soils.
Acidic Rock Cliff Community   Northern Hardwoods - Hemlock - White Pine Forest  
Acidic Rocky Summit/Rock Outcrop Community Oak - Hemlock - White Pine Forest  
Black Oak - Scarlet Oak Woodland   Oak - Hickory Forest    
Calcareous Rock Cliff Community Oak - Tulip Tree Forest  
Calcareous Rocky Summit/Rock Outcrop Community   Open Oak Forest/Woodland    
Chestnut Oak Forest/Woodland   Open Talus/Coarse Boulder Community  
Circumneutral Rock Cliff Community     Pitch Pine - Oak Forest/Woodland    
Circumneutral Rocky Summit/Rock Outcrop Community    Pitch Pine - Scrub Oak Community    
Coastal Forest/Woodland    Red Oak - Sugar Maple Transition Forest   
Cultural Grassland     Rich, Mesic Forest    
Dry, Rich Oak Forest/Woodland     Ridgetop Heathland  
Forest Seep Community     Ridgetop Pitch Pine - Scrub Oak Community
Hemlock Forest   Riverside Rock Outcrop Community    
Hickory - Hop Hornbeam Forest/Woodland     Sandplain Grassland    
High Elevation Spruce - Fir Forest/Woodland    Sandplain Grassland - Inland Variant  
Maritime Beach Strand Community     Sandplain Heathland    
Maritime Dune Community   Sandplain Heathland - Inland Variant  
Maritime Erosional Cliff Community     Scrub Oak Shrubland
Maritime Forest/Woodland Spruce - Fir - Northern Hardwoods Forest
Maritime Juniper Woodland/Shrubland     Successional Northern Hardwood Forest
Maritime Pitch Pine Woodland on Dunes     Successional White Pine Forest   
Maritime Rock Cliff Community     Sugar Maple - Oak - Hickory Forest
Maritime Shrubland   White Pine - Oak Forest
Mixed Oak Forest/Woodland   Yellow Oak Dry Calcareous Forest

 

Palustrine Communities

Palustrine communities are wetland communities where there is flooding or saturated soil conditions.
Acidic Graminoid Fen   Inland Atlantic White Cedar Swamp  
Acidic Graminoid Fen - Spillway Fen   Interdunal Marsh/Swale
Acidic Pondshore/Lakeshore Community Kettlehole Level Bog
Acidic Shrub Fen   Kettlehole Wet Meadow
Alluvial Atlantic White Cedar Swamp Level Bog    
Alluvial Hardwood Flat Community Low-energy Riverbank Community    
Alluvial Red Maple Swamp   Major-river Floodplain Forest
Atlantic White Cedar Bog   Northern Atlantic White Cedar Swamp
Black Gum - Pin Oak - Swamp White Oak Perched Swamp   Red Maple - Black Ash - Bur Oak Swamp
Calcareous Basin Fen   Red Maple - Black Ash - Tamarack Calcareous Seepage Swamp
Calcareous Pondshore/Lakeshore Community Red Maple - Black Ash Swamp  
Calcareous Seepage Marsh   Red Maple - Black Gum Swamp  
Calcareous Sloping Fen   Red Maple Swamp    
Coastal Atlantic White Cedar Swamp   Red Spruce Swamp  
Coastal Plain Pondshore Community   Rich Conifer Swamp  
Coastal Plain Pondshore Community - Inland Variant River and Lake Drawdown Community 
Cobble Bar Forest Riverine Pointbar and Beach Community
Deep Emergent Marsh     Riverside Seep Community
Freshwater Mud Flat Community Sea-level Fen    
Hemlock Swamp    Shallow Emergent Marsh
Highbush Blueberry Thicket   Shrub Swamp   
High-energy Riverbank Community Small-river Floodplain Forest    
High-energy Rivershore Meadow Spruce - Tamarack Bog  
High-terrace Floodplain Forest     Transitional Floodplain Forest   
  Wet Meadow 
 

 

Estauarine Communities

Estuarine communities are tidal wetlands with fresh to salt water.
Brackish Tidal Marsh   Marine Intertidal Gravel/Sand Beach Community
Coastal Salt Pond Community     Marine Intertidal Rocky Shore Community 
Fresh/Brackish Tidal Shrubland   Salt Marsh  
Fresh/Brackish Tidal Swamp   Seagrass Community  
Freshwater Tidal Marsh    

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