Terrestrial, Palustrine, and Estuarine Community Types

Formal and technical descriptions of the community types in the Classification of Natural Communities of Massachusetts, Version 2.0.

Terrestrial Community Types

Terrestrial communities occur in upland on predominantly well-drained soils.
Acidic Rock Cliff Community   Northern Hardwoods - Hemlock - White Pine Forest  
Acidic Rocky Summit/Rock Outcrop Community Oak - Hemlock - White Pine Forest  
Black Oak - Scarlet Oak Woodland   Oak - Hickory Forest    
Calcareous Rock Cliff Community Oak - Tulip Tree Forest  
Calcareous Rocky Summit/Rock Outcrop Community   Open Oak Forest/Woodland    
Chestnut Oak Forest/Woodland   Open Talus/Coarse Boulder Community  
Circumneutral Rock Cliff Community     Pitch Pine - Oak Forest/Woodland    
Circumneutral Rocky Summit/Rock Outcrop Community    Pitch Pine - Scrub Oak Community    
Coastal Forest/Woodland    Red Oak - Sugar Maple Transition Forest   
Cultural Grassland     Rich, Mesic Forest    
Dry, Rich Oak Forest/Woodland     Ridgetop Heathland  
Forest Seep Community     Ridgetop Pitch Pine - Scrub Oak Community
Hemlock Forest   Riverside Rock Outcrop Community    
Hickory - Hop Hornbeam Forest/Woodland     Sandplain Grassland    
High Elevation Spruce - Fir Forest/Woodland    Sandplain Grassland - Inland Variant  
Maritime Beach Strand Community     Sandplain Heathland    
Maritime Dune Community   Sandplain Heathland - Inland Variant  
Maritime Erosional Cliff Community     Scrub Oak Shrubland
Maritime Forest/Woodland Spruce - Fir - Northern Hardwoods Forest
Maritime Juniper Woodland/Shrubland     Successional Northern Hardwood Forest
Maritime Pitch Pine Woodland on Dunes     Successional White Pine Forest   
Maritime Rock Cliff Community     Sugar Maple - Oak - Hickory Forest
Maritime Shrubland   White Pine - Oak Forest
Mixed Oak Forest/Woodland   Yellow Oak Dry Calcareous Forest


Additional Resources for

Palustrine Communities

Palustrine communities are wetland communities where there is flooding or saturated soil conditions.


Additional Resources for

Additional Resources for