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Small water systems such as schools, libraries, or restaurants can take steps to protect their water sources from contamination. Wellhead protection begins with the owner and operator of a well. As a water provider, you should:
A well must be secure and protected. To ensure the safety and purity of the well,
Look carefully at activities and businesses around the well site. Identify any threats to water quality and develop strategies to address them. Be sure to include:
For example, at a school, be sure that:
Be sure that town officials know you operate a public water system. Explain the exact location of your well and your Zone I. You may be able to work with town officials to reduce threats from town-wide activities such as road salting. If your town has a groundwater protection zoning district, request that your IWPA be included in the regulations as well. If you are concerned about a particular activity near your well, request that the Board of Health perform an inspection. Ask them to notify you of any corrective action.
Inform your staff as well as your water users about potential threats; they may help you locate a problem. DWS can provide you with sample notices you may post within your facility to remind your staff that they are within the protected area of a water supply. It is critical to water supply protection that the public be aware of a resource area as well. Post signs at reasonable access routes within and surrounding the Zone I to inform visitors that they are entering a sensitive area.
Wells with an approved wellhead protection plan are eligible for cost-saving SOC/VOC monitoring waivers. Also, protecting your water quality saves you the added expense of costly water treatment. Ultimately, the protective measures you take help to ensure high-quality drinking water. Clean water preserves public health and enhances the quality of life in your community.