Adaptive kayaking and canoeing programs offer equipment, instruction, adaptations, and staff support for paddling in Massachusetts state parks.
- This page, Adaptive paddling, is offered by
- Universal Access Program
- Department of Conservation & Recreation
Table of Contents
Our adaptive kayaking and canoeing programs offer specialized equipment, adaptations, instruction, and staff support for you to go kayaking and canoeing.
Paddlers go out together as a group, and move at the pace of the slowest paddler. Our paddling sessions usually last for an hour and fifteen minutes, though longer day trips are sometimes available. The cost for programs ranges from $8 to $20.
Our adaptive paddling programs are typically offered in July and August. Paddlers must pre-register for their sessions, and need to meet our essential eligibility criteria for kayaking or canoeing. To see the current program schedule and register for current programs, please visit our adaptive program schedule. If you would like to get on our mailing list to find out about upcoming paddling opportunities, please contact us.
Staff instruction and support
After you arrive and check in, our staff will help you put on adjust a personal flotation device (PFD), which you may be used to calling a lifejacket. We have several different designs of PFDs, including some with head support that will help keep your head upright in the water.
We welcome paddlers of all experience and ability levels! If this is your first time paddling, or if you would like some pointers on your paddle strokes, our staff will teach you how to hold your paddle and how to do some basic strokes. When you're paddling, you'll want to use your torso and stronger core muscles as much as possible, instead of the weaker muscles in your arms. If you're not able to paddle the traditional way, our staff will work with you to figure out which techniques, adaptations, and supports will give you the best paddling experience.
If you need assistance getting into a boat, we have staff and gear to help. A cooler and transfer board can help get you from your chair to the seat. We also have a Kayak Chariot with large balloon tires that allows transfers on the beach by lifting the boat cockpit rim up to wheelchair height.
A transfer bench is used with the Kayak Chariot to give a flat, smooth transfer surface the same height as your chair. The bench can support you in an independent transfer or during an assisted transfer. You slide onto to a transfer board that is positioned directly above the boat seat. Adjustable handles let you push up to take your weight off of the middle section of the transfer board, which is then removed so you can lower down onto the boat seat.
Once you are in the boat, our staff will roll you into the water, unhook the wheels, and you are ready to paddle off.
We have a wide variety of kayaks to chose from. Some of our kayaks are single kayaks for independent paddlers, and others are tandem kayaks for pairs of paddlers to work together.
In a tandem kayak, you can join in on the paddling or just enjoy the ride as the other paddler moves the boat through the water. Some tandem kayaks are large enough that a paddler can be supported by another person instead of sitting in a seat on their own.
Most of our kayaks have wide, open cockpits that make it easy to get in and out of the boat and which offer more room for transfers and adaptations. Kayaking programs with Waypoint Adventure include kayaks with smaller cockpits that offer more control and protection from the elements.
Our canoes range in length from 13 to 17 feet. These canoes have been designed for stability with wide, flat hulls that keep them steady in the water. The cockpits are large and open, giving lots of space for transfers and adaptations. Our canoes are usually paddled by two paddlers, though our experienced paddling staff can also paddle alone.
The front of a canoe is called the bow, and the back is called the stern. You can sit on a traditional seat in the bow or the stern of the canoe, where you are raised up above the water. If you need trunk support, you can use the Universal Paddling Seat. If you need more support, you can sit in the bottom of the canoe so that you are surrounded by the sides of the hull.
Outriggers make a boat more stable by widening the base of the boat in the water. Outriggers can be mounted to the center of any canoe and to the back of many of our kayaks, which makes sure they're out of the way of the paddles.
The outriggers can be adjusted to be tight to the hull for maximum efficiency, or further out out from the hull for maximum stability. They can be adjusted to different heights, and the kayak outriggers can change angle to prevent drag and make paddling easier.
Seating and padding
The Universal Paddling Seat from Creating Abilities was designed to offer varying levels of support depending on your need. Separate upper and lower sections offer supports for either the lower back, or the lower back and the upper back. Lateral pads can be added at either level to give support where you need it, on one side or both sides.
Each support point of the seat can be independently tilted, adjusted or removed to create a custom fit. All supports are cushioned with closed-cell foam and covered in breathable mesh fabric for skin protection. The seat can be mounted on canoes or kayaks.
A custom paddling seat for canoeing offers back support and cushioning for paddlers who sit on the bottom of the canoe, where there is greater stability and support.
If you need more support than a seat can offer, you can be supported by a companion sitting on the bottom of the canoe.
Cushioning and positioning are very important for skin safety and effective paddling. We custom fit pads and cushions to you and your boat to make sure that you are comfortable, and that the force of your paddling is turned into momentum on the water.
We have many different styles and types of padding to match your body and protect your skin, while making sure that you have the best fit with the boat and the gear. You can bring your own pad or cushion into the boat, or use the Sweet Cheeks seat form. This adjustable, inflatable cushion goes under you and fits around you to make a perfect bucket seat. There are no pressure points, and you won't slide around on your seat.
Paddles and paddle adaptations
We have many different styles of paddles, including lightweight carbon fiber paddles with ergonomic shapes designed to reduce the strain on your joints. Our kayak paddles are painted to help you remember which blade is left and which is right, and to keep them pointed the right way to pull you through the water. We have both wooden and light-weight metal and plastic canoe paddles of many sizes. Canoe paddles bent in an S-shape let you paddle while keeping your hands low if you have trouble raising your arms.
We also have several hand adaptations to help with supporting and gripping paddles.
A basic grip that runs along the back of the hand works well if you have some hand function but need support to keep your hands on the paddle. Your hands slide in and out from the sides and are held in place comfortably with the padded grips. The tension on the grips can be adjusted to fit your hand and your stroke.
If you can't grip the paddle but have good function in your arm, you can use a hand cuff that slides into an attachment added on the paddle shaft. The cuff buckles around your wrist and keeps the paddle connected to your arm.
Your hands are held in place on the paddle even if your fingers can't grip the bar, and your arms can be used to paddle. If you need to do a wet exit or let go of the paddle quickly, you can slide the cuff out of the attachment.
The Paddle Pivot attaches in the middle of the boat and allows you to paddle with one arm. It also gives support to completely remove the weight of the paddle from your arms when using both arms to paddle. The pivot assembly snaps onto any paddle shaft. The paddle and pivot assembly lift out of the base for ease of entry and safety in the event of a wet exit.
Amherst, MA 01004