Contested or uncontested
“Contested” means that one person disagrees with the divorce or the terms of the divorce. “Uncontested” means that both people agree about everything they file.
Fault or no-fault
There are 7 "fault" grounds or reasons, and also a "no fault" grounds.The "fault" grounds mean that one person was considered at fault in causing the marriage to end. Most people file a “no fault” divorce. A "no fault" divorce is a divorce where the marriage is broken beyond repair but neither spouse blames the other. In Massachusetts, the no fault divorce grounds is called "Irretrievable Breakdown of Marriage."
1A or 1B : No fault divorce
There are 2 kinds of "irretrievable breakdown" divorces. They are often called "1A" and "1B", which refers to the section of the law where they are found, Massachusetts General Laws Chapter 208.
The most common approach is no-fault based on an irretrievable breakdown of the marriage. There are 2 options for a no-fault divorce.
- File a “1A” divorce when both spouses agree that the marriage has irretrievably broken down and they have reached a written agreement about child support, parenting time, alimony, child custody, and dividing marital assets. This is an uncontested no-fault divorce.
- File a “1B” divorce when one spouse believes there is an irretrievable breakdown of the marriage or both spouses believe the marriage has ended but they aren't in agreement about custody, support, or marital property issues. This is a contested no-fault divorce. If you and your spouse are able to come to an agreement, you can file a request to change the divorce complaint from a 1B to a 1A divorce.
In a fault divorce, the person asking for the divorce must prove specific ground(s) or reason(s) for the divorce. These grounds are listed in Mass. General Laws chapter 208, section 1:
- Gross and confirmed habits of intoxication
- Cruel and abusive treatment
- A prison sentence of 5 or more years
The fault divorce process can be more time-consuming and expensive than a no-fault divorce.