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COVID-19 Prevention and Treatment

What you need to know about prevention and treatment of COVID-19 in Massachusetts.

Table of Contents

Latest guidance

On March 24, Department of Public Health (DPH) issued a Public Health Advisory which includes a stay-at-home advisory for individuals over 70 and for those with underlying health conditions; and safe practices for the general public.

On March 23, Governor Charlie Baker issued an emergency order prohibiting most gatherings of over 10 people in an effort to limit the spread of COVID-19. The order community, civic, public, leisure, or faith-based events, sporting events, concerts, conferences, conventions, fundraisers, parades, fairs, festivals, weddings, funerals, and any similar event or activity that brings together 10 or more persons in any confined indoor or outdoor space. On March 31, this order was extended and remains in effect until May 4.

DPH has issued guidance implementing the terms of the Emergency Order. The full DPH guidance is available here: DPH Assemblage Guidance


Many of the things you do to help prevent colds and the flu can help protect you against other respiratory viruses, including COVID-19:

  • Wash your hands often with soap and warm water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
  • Clean things that are frequently touched (like doorknobs and countertops) with household cleaning spray or wipes.
  • Cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze. Use a tissue or your inner elbow, not your hands.
  • Stay home if you are sick and avoid close contact with others.

There are currently no vaccines available to protect against this novel coronavirus infection.


Social distancing

People can spread COVID19 up to 48 hours before they have symptoms.  That’s why social distancing is so important— no matter what.

Social distancing tips:

  • Call/Facetime/online chat with friends and family
  • Stay home as much as you can
  • If you must go out:
    • Don’t gather in groups
    • Stay 6 feet away from others
    • Don’t shake hands or hug
  • And please continue to wash your hands frequently


Stay at home

On March 24, DPH issued a Stay-At-Home Advisory. Staying home means you should only leave your home to address essential needs. More guidance is outlined in the DPH Public Health Advisory: Stay-at-Home Advisory.

If you have been exposed to possible COVID-19 contact, you will be directed to quarantine by self-monitoring at home in case you get sick.

If you have tested positive for COVID-19, you will be directed to self-isolate by separating yourself from others to keep your germs from spreading.


At this time there is no specific treatment for this novel coronavirus. Antiviral medications used to treat other types of viruses are being used but their efficacy is not known at this time.

Additional resources

For more information, please visit frequently asked questions about COVID-19.

Download a printable fact sheet – these helpful guides can be posted in workplaces and public spaces.