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Stormwater Solutions for Homeowners Fact Sheet: Preventing Erosion

Find fact sheets on techniques to control runoff and reduce stormwater contamination, developed by the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM).

The Stormwater Solutions for Homeowners fact sheets—developed by CZM as part of the Coastal Water Quality Program—give property owners a variety of options to effectively reduce runoff pollution and other stormwater impacts to local waters.

Fact Sheet Summary

preventing erosion fact sheet cover

This fact sheet discusses how to keep soil and other sediments from eroding and flowing offsite, which can fill storm drains, obstruct channels and reduce water levels in water bodies, and impact water quality and habitats. Pollutants and nutrients attached to these sediments exacerbate water quality impacts. Erosion and sediment controls help slow or redirect the flow of stormwater, reducing the exposure of soils to erosion and capturing sediments and attached pollutants on site. Methods include redirecting runoff to vegetated areas, covering exposed soils with erosion control blankets, and surrounding storm drains with filter socks.

For the complete PDF version of the fact sheet, download Stormwater Solutions for Homeowners Fact Sheet: Preventing Erosion (PDF, 2 MB).

Other Available Stormwater Solutions Fact Sheets

Fact sheets are currently available on these techniques:

  • Vegetated Buffers - Trees, shrubs, high grasses, perennials, and other vegetation can be strategically planted to help slow, capture, and filter runoff and reduce stormwater impacts.
  • “Green” Lawn and Garden Practices - Environmentally friendly yard care methods—such as planting native species, conserving water, and reducing fertilizer and chemical use—help to protect water quality and can save time and money.
  • Rain Gardens - Rain gardens are specially designed and planted depressions in the ground that collect, filter, and treat stormwater.
  • Vegetated Swales - Vegetated swales are channels with moisture-loving plants and amended soils that intercept, treat, and slowly convey stormwater runoff to where it can be effectively infiltrated. 
  • Reducing Impervious Surfaces - Impervious surfaces (such as asphalt driveways and concrete patios) allow greater volumes of stormwater to flow quickly offsite, carrying contaminants and causing local flooding and erosion. Replacing impervious surfaces with gravel driveways, planted areas, and other options that infiltrate or absorb water can significantly reduce stormwater problems.
  • Minimizing Contaminants - Household contaminants—such as oil from automobiles, toxins from pesticides and cleaning products, and bacteria from pet waste and septic systems—can contribute to stormwater pollution. But simple changes at home, from reducing fertilizer use to properly disposing of batteries and other hazardous household products, can help keep inland and coastal waters clean.

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