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(a) Court may approve waiver

To make speedy and efficient the decision of matters tried to the court on the facts, the court, in its discretion, and with the consent of all interested parties, may, following a trial or evidentiary hearing, render its decision without detailed written findings of fact and rulings of law. No matter shall be so decided, however, unless the parties shall have submitted to the court, and the court shall have approved, a voluntary stipulation of the interested parties which waives all rights they may have to have the court find the facts specially and to state conclusions of law separately, including rights pursuant to Mass. R. Civ. P. 52(a).

(b) Form of decision

The court shall render its decision in writing or shall lay the decision upon the record orally from the bench, in a form comparable to a jury verdict within the meaning of Mass: R. Civ. P. 49. In rendering a decision under this Rule, the judge shall, at a minimum, answer special questions on the elements of each claim, at a level of detail comparable to a special jury verdict form pursuant to Mass. R. Civ. P. 49(a). The court may, in cases it considers appropriate, in its decision under this Rule also return special or subsidiary findings on some or all of the issues of fact tried to the court; the court's decision in such a case shall be comparable to the general verdict form of a jury accompanied by answer to interrogatories in a case submitted to a jury as provided in Mass. R. Civ. P. 49(b).

(c) Stipulations of the parties

The court, after hearing the parties if they request or the court orders, shall settle in advance of trial the form of the stipulation the parties shall submit pursuant to this Rule, and the form of any particular questions of fact which the parties would have the court answer in its decision. In the stipulation the parties file, they may waive their rights of appeal in whole or in part, but in any event shall stipulate that (i) they waive all arguments in the trial court or on appeal that require or depend upon the existence of detailed written findings of fact, and (ii) in the event of appeal, they waive all arguments that appellate review of the court's decision and of the judgment entered, be based upon a standard of review other than that which would apply to a verdict by a jury in a case tried to a jury and to the judgment entered thereon.

(d) Procedure discretionary with court

In no case shall the court be required to dispense with the requirements of Mass. R. Civ. P. 52(a) to have the court find the facts specially and to state conclusions of law separately. The court in its discretion may at any time before, during, or after the trial of the case, determine to find the facts specially and to state conclusions of law separately, notwithstanding any contrary stipulation of the parties or previous order. of the court. However, once the court has accepted the parties' stipulation, the court shall not, contrary to that stipulation, proceed to find the facts specially and to state conclusions of law separately over the objection of any party to the stipulation, without first having given the parties opportunity to be heard.

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