More about:

Labor trafficking

When employers use fraud, force, or coercion to make someone work.

If you believe you are a victim of trafficking or to file a report, call the National Human Trafficking Resource Center at (888) 373-7888 or call the Attorney General’s Fair Labor hotline at (617) 727-3465.

What is labor trafficking?

Labor trafficking happens when someone is forced to work through violence, threats, lies, or other forms of coercion. It is a crime in Massachusetts, and Massachusetts’ law is more protective than federal law.

Who is at risk?

Trafficking happens in many industries. People who work in isolated places are more at risk. Domestic workers and agricultural workers are especially vulnerable to labor trafficking.

Many victims of labor trafficking are immigrants. Traffickers may use fear of deportation, debt bondage, language barriers, social isolation, and lack of legal knowledge to force someone to work.

The following report provides information about types of human trafficking:
The Typology of Modern Slavery: Defining Sex and Labor Trafficking in the United States
This is the largest data set on human trafficking in the United States ever compiled and publicly analyzed. The Polaris Project’s research team analyzed the data and developed a classification system that identifies 25 types of human trafficking in the United States. Each has its own business model, trafficker profiles, recruitment strategies, victim profiles, and methods of control that facilitate human trafficking.

What can businesses do?

Resources for Businesses

U.S. Department of Labor
Comply Chain
An app for companies and industry groups to assist in developing robust social compliance systems including: engaging stakeholders and partners, assessing risks and impacts, developing a code of conduct, communicating and training across the supply chain, monitoring compliance, remediating violations, independent review and reporting performance.
Reducing child labor and forced labor: a toolkit for responsible businesses
US DOL list of goods produced by child labor or forced labor

International Labour Organization
Preventing and responding to abusive and fraudulent labour recruitment: A call for action
ILO and United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime call on governments, social partners, businesses, other international agencies, and all concerned stakeholders, as appropriate and in line with their respective roles and mandates, to strengthen their efforts to address abusive and fraudulent recruitment practices by considering 8 specific actions.

Institute for Human Rights and Business
Responsible Recruitment: Remediating Worker-Paid Recruitment Fees

American Sustainable Business Council
Principles of High Road Employers: A Path to Building a Sustainable Economy

Fair Hiring Toolkit

Walk Free Foundation
Tackling Modern Slavery in Supply Chains


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