This guide provides a checklist of instructions and tips to help ensure the security of your desktop or laptop computers.
Guide How to use desktop or laptop computers securely
Computer security checklist
1. Choose Strong Passwords:
- Use passwords that can't be easily guessed, and protect your passwords.
- Don't share your passwords and avoid writing them down.
- New passwords should not be the same as recent passwords.
- Characteristics of good, cryptic passwords:
- Contain a mixture of upper and lower case letters, numbers, and symbols
- Consist of at least 8 characters in length
- Are difficult to guess (e.g. don't include real words or personal information like user name, names of family members, places, pets, birthdays, addresses, hobbies, etc.)
- Are easy to remember (so you don't have to write them down)
2. Password protect all of your devices, software, and applications with sensitive material:
- Work computer
- Personal computer
- Mobile telephone
- Tablet or other electronic device
3. Minimize storage of sensitive information:
- Avoid unnecessary retention of sensitive information, and store information on a secure network drive rather than a workstation or laptop hard drive whenever possible.
- Never keep sensitive information or your only copy of critical data, projects, files, etc, on portable mobile devices unless they are properly protected.
4. Log off / shut down:
- Log off your computer or put your computer to sleep before leaving it unattended.
- Make sure your computer requires a secure password to start up or wake up.
- Set your computer and portable devices to automatically lock when they are not being used.
- Shut down your desktop computer before leaving the office and turn off your laptop computer at night.