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Guide MassDEP Toxics Use Reduction Program

The Toxics Use Reduction Act (TURA) became law in 1989 and was amended in 2006. It requires Massachusetts companies that use large quantities of specific toxic chemicals to evaluate their operations, plan for pollution prevention, and report on the results each year.

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Company Requirements

Each company subject to TURA needs to file annual reports, prepare plans and updates, and pay fees for the listed chemicals it manufactures, processes or otherwise uses above the specified thresholds. See the Listed Chemicals section below for additional information.

Companies Subject to TURA
Listed Chemical Thresholds  Employees SIC Codes
  • 25,000 lbs for a chemical manufactured or processed;
  • 10,000 lbs for chemical otherwise used;
  • 1,000 lbs. for designated higher hazard substance;
  • 100 lbs, 10 lbs or 0.1 gm for designated Persistent Bioaccumulative Toxics (PBTs), depending on the chemical
10 or more full-time workers
  • 10-14: Mining
  • 20-39: Manufacturing
  • 40 & 44-49: Transportation
  • 50 & 51: Wholesale
  • 72, 73, 75 & 76: Certain Services

A company that meets all three of the above criteria is considered a Large Quantity Toxics User (LQTU) and is required to:

  • Submit a Toxics Use Report to MassDEP every year.
  • Develop an initial Toxics Use Reduction Plan the next even-numbered year after filing, a TUR Plan Update every other even-numbered year thereafter, and submit a summary of each to MassDEP.
  • In lieu of a TUR Plan, a company may prepare a Resource Conservation plan addressing energy, water or materials on an every-other-planning-cycle basis, or implement an Environmental Management System (EMS) that addresses toxics, after completing its initial TUR Plan and two Plan Updates.
  • Pay an annual Toxics Use Fee

Failing to file annual reports, develop plans, or pay toxics use fees can result in MassDEP enforcement action, including financial penalties.

Additional Resources

Listed Chemicals

Except for chemicals that have been de-listed by the Administrative Council on Toxics Use Reduction, TURA reporting and planning requirements apply to the toxic substances listed in two federal laws:

  • Section 313 of the Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act (EPCRA); and
  • The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA or "Superfund").

See a Complete List of TURA Chemicals in Additional Resources below.

Additional Resources

Annual Reporting & Fees

Each company subject to TURA is required to file an annual Toxics Use Report that includes the following forms for each TURA-listed chemical it manufactures, processes, or otherwise uses above applicable thresholds:

  • Federal Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) Form R, which identifies the quantity released to the environment or transferred off-site for further waste management.
  • Massachusetts Form S, which identifies the quantity used, generated as byproduct (i.e. wasted during production), and shipped as part of a finished product.

The company must also:

  • Identify each production process and product that uses a listed chemical,
  • Measure significant changes in use and byproduct generation from the previous year, and
  • Pay an Annual Toxics Use Fee, based the number of people it employs and the number of listed chemicals it manufactures, processes or otherwise uses above applicable thresholds.

The fee is calculated on a worksheet/invoice that the firm submits along with its Annual Toxics Use Report. The fee must be paid in full by September 1 of the filing year.

TUR Planning

Each company subject to TURA requirements needs to complete an updated TUR plan or alternative every two years.

A TUR Plan is a document that provides both economic and technical evaluations of the toxics use reduction opportunities available to a company, and identifies those methods, if any, that the company intends to implement. The plan must contain:

  • A corporate toxics use reduction policy statement;
  • An assessment of how and in what quantities listed chemicals are used and generated as waste by the company;
  • A list of available toxics use reduction options, evaluations of those that appear to be technically and economically feasible, and
  • For those options to be employed, a description and implementation schedule.

The company is not obligated to submit the plan itself to the Department of Environmental Protection (MassDEP), but is required to obtain approval of the plan from a MassDEP-certified TUR Planner and provide the agency with a summary that includes a signed plan certification statement. The summary is then made available for public review.

TUR Planners & Certification

Toxics Use Reduction (TUR) Planners are MassDEP-certified professionals who have passed exams and/or documented relevant education and experience.

  • General Practice Planners may certify TUR plans for any facility.
  • Limited Practice Planners may certify plans only for facilities that employ them.
  • All TUR Planners have the option of applying for MassDEP approval to certify Resource Conservation (RC) Plans.

TUR Planners need to document continuing education credits and renew their MassDEP certifications every two years. RC Planners have their own continuing education requirements and need to renew their certifications every four years.

Additional Resources

Statute, Regulations & Policies

See Additional Resources below for:

  • The TURA statute,
  • Regulations from the Executive Office of Energy & Environmental Affairs and MassDEP implementing the law.
  • MassDEP Policy & Guidance documents detailing how to comply with TURA reporting and planning requirements.

Additional Resources

Training & Assistance

See Additional Resources below for information about:

  • Annual training sessions co-sponsored by MassDEP and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
  • Education, training and library resources from the Toxics Use Reduction Institute at the University of Massachusetts at Lowell. 
  • Free, confidential on-site TURA compliance assistance to manufacturers, businesses, and institutions from the Massachusetts Office of Technical Assistance & Technology.

Additional Resources

Data & Results

See Additional Resources below to learn more about what implementation of the Toxics Use Reduction Act has meant for industry and the environment in Massachusetts.

Additional Resources

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