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Terrestrial, Palustrine, and Estuarine Community Types

Formal and technical descriptions of the community types in the Classification of Natural Communities of Massachusetts, Version 2.0.

Terrestrial Community Types

Terrestrial communities occur in upland on predominantly well-drained soils.
Acidic Rock Cliff Community Northern Hardwoods - Hemlock - White Pine Forest
Acidic Rocky Summit/Rock Outcrop Community Oak - Hemlock - White Pine Forest
Black Oak - Scarlet Oak Woodland Oak - Hickory Forest
Calcareous Rock Cliff Community Oak - Tulip Tree Forest
Calcareous Rocky Summit/Rock Outcrop Community Open Oak Forest/Woodland
Chestnut Oak Forest/Woodland Open Talus/Coarse Boulder Community
Circumneutral Rock Cliff Community Pitch Pine - Oak Forest/Woodland
Circumneutral Rocky Summit/Rock Outcrop Community Pitch Pine - Scrub Oak Community
Coastal Forest/Woodland Red Oak - Sugar Maple Transition Forest  
Cultural Grassland Rich, Mesic Forest
Dry, Rich Oak Forest/Woodland  Ridgetop Heathland
Forest Seep Community  Ridgetop Pitch Pine - Scrub Oak Community
Hemlock Forest Riverside Rock Outcrop Community
Hickory - Hop Hornbeam Forest/Woodland Sandplain Grassland
High Elevation Spruce - Fir Forest/Woodland Sandplain Grassland - Inland Variant
Maritime Beach Strand Community   Sandplain Heathland   
Maritime Dune Community Sandplain Heathland - Inland Variant
Maritime Erosional Cliff Community Scrub Oak Shrubland
Maritime Forest/Woodland Spruce - Fir - Northern Hardwoods Forest
Maritime Juniper Woodland/Shrubland Successional Northern Hardwood Forest
Maritime Pitch Pine Woodland on Dunes Successional White Pine Forest   
Maritime Rock Cliff Community    Sugar Maple - Oak - Hickory Forest
Maritime Shrubland White Pine - Oak Forest
Mixed Oak Forest/Woodland Yellow Oak Dry Calcareous Forest


Additional Resources

Palustrine Communities

Palustrine communities are wetland communities where there is flooding or saturated soil conditions.


Additional Resources

Estuarine Communities

Additional Resources

Contact for Terrestrial, Palustrine, and Estuarine Community Types

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