Legally change the name of a child under 18
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Probate and Family Court locations
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What you need for Legally change the name of a child under 18
In most cases, you’ll file to change your child’s name in Probate & Family Court. However, if there is already a proceeding about the child taking place in Juvenile Court, you should file to change the child’s name in Juvenile Court instead.
The minor child should be listed as the petitioner, and the legal parents or court-appointed guardian will present the petition to the court. You must give notice to any legal parent or court-appointed guardian who hasn’t approved the petition. Please see the section Serve the papers on the necessary parties for more information.
You don't need to file to change your child’s name if:
- You’re adopting a child and want to change their name as part of the adoption process — See The Court Adoption Process for more information.
- A parentage judgment includes an order to change the child’s name — This means the process will include an Order to Amend Birth Certificate.
Otherwise, you must file the following forms. Some forms may not display properly in your browser. Please download the forms and open them using Acrobat reader. Please see What to do if you can't open court PDFs for more information.
- Petition for Change of Name of Minor
- A certified copy of the child’s birth certificate (long-form). This is available from the Registry of Vital Records or from the city or town where the child was born. Birth certificates that aren’t written in English must include a translated copy signed by a professional interpreter.
- A Court Activity Record Information (CARI) and Warrant Management System (WMS) Release Request form (CJP 34) for anyone 12 or older.
- A certified copy of any prior name change (i.e. the court order that changed the name)
- The child’s notarized approval if they are 12 or older
- The death certificate of any deceased parent or guardian
- Affidavit Disclosing Care or Custody Proceedings form
Assent to Petition to Change Name of Minor (CJP 30) if a minor child's legal parent or court-appointed guardian wants to assent to the petition using a separate form.
Fees for Legally change the name of a child under 18
Local courts accept different types of payments (cash, check, credit card, etc.). Any checks should be made payable to: Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Call your court to find out which methods of payment are accepted in that location.
If you can’t pay the filing fee, you can ask to have the fee waived. If you can’t afford court fees, you need to qualify under the federal poverty income guidelines and file an Affidavit of Indigency. This explains your financial situation to the court so the court can decide whether or not you will need to pay your own fees. See our page on indigency to learn more.
If a family wants to change the name of 2 or more children with the same legal parents, you only have to pay the filing fee on 1 of the petitions.
|Fee for Citation (Notice) for publication, if required||$15||each|
|Filing fee for a motion to change name during divorce nisi period (if not requested on divorce complaint or petition)||$100||each|
How to change Legally change the name of a child under 18
You can file your request to change the name of your child at your local Probate and Family Court.
Next steps for Legally change the name of a child under 18
After the petition is filed, the Probation Department will conduct a CARI and WMS check for any child who is 12 or older.
You need to give public notice of the petition by publishing it. The court will send you the citation for publication. If a family wants to change the name of 2 or more children with the same legal parents or guardians, you will only have to issue 1 citation. You must arrange to have the citation published in a local newspaper and mailed according to the instructions given in the order of notice on the citation. The mailing must be by certified mail, return receipt requested.
You must also give notice to any legal parent or court-appointed guardian who hasn’t approved the petition by serving a copy of the petition by mail, return receipt requested. See Service of Process in the Courts for more information.
You don’t need to give notice if:
- The legal parent or guardian has completed an adoption surrender
- The court has terminated parental rights
- The court has otherwise waived notice
If the name change is requested by anyone who is incarcerated, on probation or parole, or committed to the Massachusetts Treatment Center as a sexually dangerous person, you must also serve the citation by mail on:
- The Massachusetts Department of Correction or the Massachusetts Parole Board
- The office of the prosecuting official (District Attorney, Attorney General, or U.S. Attorney) and the sheriff’s office(s) in the jurisdiction where the conviction(s) or delinquency adjudications happened
- The Sex Offender Registry Board and the prosecuting official if you’re required to register as a sex offender
After publication and mailing, return the following to the court:
- The original citation with a clipping of the notice from the newspaper
- The green return receipt postcard
- Your signature certifying that you mailed and published the notice
If you have a good reason that the notice shouldn’t be published, you can file a motion to waive publication. You must file an affidavit (a sworn statement) with the motion explaining why you don’t want the notice published. You may have to go before a judge to present your reasons.
More info for Legally change the name of a child under 18
How soon your case will be heard will depend on the backlog of cases in the Probate and Family Court where your case has been filed. If an in-person hearing isn’t required in your case, once you have returned proof of service to the court and the return date has passed, the case will be sent to the judge.
If there are objections to the petition, the court will conduct a trial to hear them. The court can either dismiss the petition or enter a decree permitting the name change. If there are no objections, the court may make a decision without a hearing.
If the name change is allowed, the court will issue you a decree of change of name. You can request a certificate for a fee
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