MGL c.64C Cigarette excise. Regulates pricing, taxation and other aspects of cigarette and e-cigarette sales.
MGL c.71, § 2A Use of tobacco products at schools
MGL c.74, § 58 Use of tobacco products at vocational schools
MGL c.111, § 72X All nursing homes must have non-smoking areas. Employees can't smoke in patient care areas.
MGL c.112, § 61A No health care institution can sell tobacco products
MGL c.148, § 60 Prohibits the use of novelty lighters
MGL c.270, § 6 Tobacco: sale or gift to minors. Must be 21 to buy any tobacco product, including e-cigarettes, but there is an exemption for anyone who turned 18 before December 31, 2018.
MGL c.270, § 6A Fines for selling rolling papers to people under 21.
MGL c.270, § 22 Smoking in the workplace and in public places
MGL c. 270, § 23 No smoking in flea markets
MGL c.270, § 27 Liquid nicotine containers and liquid or gel substances containing nicotine must be in child resistant packaging
MGL c.270, § 28 Flavored tobacco is prohibited, effective June 1, 2020
MGL c.270, § 29 Nicotine content of vaping products and e-cigarettes is limited, effective June 1, 2020
MGL c.272, § 43A No smoking on public transportation or in stations
105 CMR 661 Regulations implementing MGL c.270 § 22. Provides detailed requirements for allowing smoking in membership associations and outdoor spaces.
105 CMR 665 Minimum standards for retail sale of tobacco and electronic nicotine delivery systems, including flavored tobacco
501 CMR 14 Fire-safe cigarettes
830 CMR 270.1.1 Smoking bar permits
940 CMR 21 Sales and distribution of cigarettes and other smoking devices in Massachusetts
940 CMR 22 Sales and distribution of cigars in Massachusetts
15 USC § 1335 Television and radio advertising
21 USC § 387f(d) (as amended by HB 1865, §§603-604). Must be 21 to buy tobacco products.
FDA and the Tobacco Control Act.
Regulating the manufacture, marketing, sale and distribution of tobacco products. Links to the law, regulations and guidance.
24 CFR §§ 965.651-965.653 Smoke-free public housing
Selected case law
American Lithuanian Naturalization Club Athol Mass. v. Board of Health of Athol, 446 Mass. 310 (2006)
A town can prohibit smoking in private clubs.
Donovan v. Philip Morris, 455 Mass. 215 (2009)
Plaintiffs had a claim for "medical monitoring," based on their exposure to cigarette smoke.
Haglund v. Philip Morris, 446 Mass. 741 (2006)
"Because no cigarette can be safely used for its ordinary purpose, smoking, there can be no non-unreasonable use of cigarettes."
Smoking or Vaping in General
2019 Tobacco Control Law, MA Dept. of Public Health. Law and restrictions on the sale of nicotine vaping and flavored vaping and tobacco products.
- E-cigarette regulations - Massachusetts, Public Health Law Center, 2019
Provides clear information about Massachusetts regulation of e-cigarettes
- Local, state, and federal laws related to tobacco, Mass. Dept. of Public Health
Tobacco laws and regulations in Massachusetts, including sales to minors, smoking in the workplace, licensing of retail outlets, vending machine sales and more.
- Massachusetts Smoker's Quitline. Free, phone-based counseling that's available to all smokers. Call 1-800-QUIT-NOW (1-800-784-8669).
- Massachusetts Tobacco Cessation and Prevention Program, Mass. Dept. of Public Health. Statewide public health program focused on comprehensive approaches to reduce tobacco and nicotine use.
- Quit medicines and insurance, Mass. Dept. of Public Health. Describes the medicines that can help and what insurance may cover.
- Tobacco Control Act compliance, enforcement and training, US Food and Drug Administration, June 2020.
"It is now illegal for a retailer to sell any tobacco product – including cigarettes, cigars and e-cigarettes – to anyone under 21."
Smoking in Apartments or Condominiums
- Westland Housing Corp. v. Scott, 312 Mass. 375 (1942)
Court ruled that there was a constructive eviction where an "injurious condition of smoke, soot, oil and fumes rising from a newly installed oil burner in the basement into a leased first floor apartment, causing the tenant thereof to vacate within a reasonable time".
- Harwood Capital Corp. v. Carey, Boston Housing Court 05-SP-00187, June 3, 2005
In what may have been the first verdict of its kind, a jury ruled for a landlord seeking to evict tenants for smoking, even though smoking was permitted in the building. Neighboring tenants had complained to the landlord about the smoke seeping into their units. Because this was a jury verdict, there is no published opinion, but we've gathered the available pre- and post-verdict materials here.
- Instituting smoke-free public housing, Federal Register, 2016.
Effective February 3, 2017. "No later than 18 months from the effective date of the rule, each PHA must implement a “smoke-free” policy banning the use of prohibited tobacco products in all public housing living units, indoor common areas in public housing, and in PHA administrative office buildings."
- Legal options for condominium owners exposed to secondhand smoke, by Susan Schoenmarklin, Tobacco Control Legal Consortium, December 2006
"Legal options available to a condominium owner exposed to drifting secondhand smoke from a neighboring condominium unit."
- Secondhand smoke seepage into multi-unit affordable housing, by Susan Schoenmarklin, Tobacco Control Legal Consortium, April 2010
Discusses the legality of prohibiting "smoking in public housing and HUD-assisted residential units," and "outlines the procedure that public housing authorities and HUD-assisted owners must follow to enact smoke-free policies legally and provides recommendations on how to enforce such policies."
- Toolkits for owners/management agents and residents, HUD.
These Smoke-Free Housing Toolkits provide educational, "how-to" and resource brochures, pamphlets and other information designed to assist owners/management agents and residents of public and assisted multi-family housing who want safer and healthier homes.
Smoking in the Workplace
- Smoking and the workplace, WorkplaceFairness. Questions and answers on smokers and non-smokers rights in the workplace.
- Workplace smoking: Options for employees and legal risks for employers, by Leslie Zellers & Samantha K. Graff, Tobacco Control Legal Consortium, 2008
This advocacy piece "explores policy options for employees to make their workplace smoke-free and legal options for employees who remain exposed to secondhand smoke on the job."
Employer Regulation of Smoking away from Work
- Rodrigues v. EG Systems d/b/a/ Scotts Lawn Services, 639 F.Supp.2d 131 (2009)
Scott Rodrigues was fired by Scotts Lawn Care for smoking away from the workplace, and brought suit against the company under privacy and ERISA laws. The court held that "Rodrigues does not have a protected privacy interest in the fact that he is a smoker because he has never attempted to keep that fact private," and "A person such as Rodrigues, who has only a contingent offer of employment, does not have an expectation of benefits under the potential employer’s ERISA plan that Section 510 protects."
- Smokers need not apply, Boston.com, December 19, 2010
"Under a new policy believed to be the first of its kind for a hospital in Massachusetts, Anna Jaques Hospital in Newburyport last month began testing prospective employees for nicotine use. Those who fail the screening can forget about a job." The article highlights this and other employers prohibiting smoking away from the workplace.
Employment law, 3rd ed. (Mass. Practice v.45), Thomson Reuters, 2016 with supplement, Section 10:7 Inquiry into private facts.
Labor and employment law in Massachusetts, 2nd ed., Lexis, loose-leaf. Chapter 3, Section 3-8[b] and 3-11.
Landlord and tenant law, 3rd ed. (Mass. Practice v.33), West Group, 2000 with supplement. Sections 11:4 – 11:9.
“Puffing away parental rights: a survey and analysis of whether secondhand smoke exposure is child abuse,” 32 Journal of Law & Health 89 (2019).
What to do about personnel problems in Massachusetts, BLR, loose-leaf. See Smoking-National and Smoking-Massachusetts.
|Last updated:||September 23, 2022|