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Massachusetts law about surrogate parenting

A compilation of laws and cases on surrogate parenting law.
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Table of Contents

Massachusetts laws

MGL c. 46 s. 4B  
Legitimacy of Child Conceived by Artificial Insemination

MGL c. 210 s. 2  
Written Consent by Certain Persons Required for Adoption

MGL c.210 s. 11A  
Penalties for Advertisement of Children Offered for Adoption

MGL c. 215 s. 6  
Probate and Family Court has Jurisdiction in Matters of General Equity

Selected case law

Culliton v. Beth Israel Deaconess, 435 Mass. 285 (2001)
Held that the Probate & Family Court has the authority to review the merits of a case where the genetic parents sought a prebirth declaration of parentage for their twins, who were delivered by a surrogate mother. The court stressed the importance of establishing the rights and responsibilities of parentage as soon as is practically possible to prevent legal controversies and furnish children with a measure of stability.

Hodas v. Morin, 442 Mass. 544 (2004) Court ruled the Massachusetts Probate and Family Court had jurisdiction to issue a pre-birth order even though the gestational surrogate mother and her husband as well as the intended parents whose egg and sperm were used to create the pregnancy lived in other states. Even though none of the contracting parties lived in Massachusetts, where the agreement specified that Massachusetts law would control and the birth was to take place in a Massachusetts hospital, jurisdiction existed in the probate court.

R.R. v. M.H. & Another, 426 Mass. 501 (1998) 
Surrogate agreement was unenforceable because mother's consent to surrender custody of child to the biological father was given before the fourth day after the child's birth and it was made in consideration of monetary payment which was above the mother's pregnancy-related expenses.

Print sources

Adoption and reproductive technology law in Massachusetts, MCLE, 2018

"How to not break the maternity tie: recognizing the rights of gestational carriers & a proposal for shared legal motherhood," Massachusetts Family Law Journal October-November 2005, Vol. 23 Issue 5, p.133-149

"Law Making for Baby Making: An Interpretive Approach to the Determination of Legal Parentage," by Marsha Garrison, 113 Harvard Law Review 835 (2000).

Massachusetts Practice Series vols. 1-3 (Family Law and Practice) 4th ed., Thomson Reuters, 2013, Chapter 26: Surrogate Parenting

"Protectionism and Freedom to Contract: The Erosion of Female Autonomy in Surrogacy Decisions," 36 Suffolk University Law Review 717 (2003)

"R.R. vs. M.H. & Another: The Enforceability of Traditional Surrogacy Agreements," by Nancy R. Van Tine and Pamela G. Smith, 43 Boston Bar Journal 8 (Jan/Feb. 1999)

Uniform Laws Annotated, Vol. 9B, West Publishing Co., 2001 with supplement, vol. 9B p. 299 "Uniform Parentage Act (2000)", Art. 7 & Art. 8

"Validity and Construction of Surrogate Parenting Agreement," 77 ALR4th 70

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Last updated: September 6, 2018

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