MGL c. 71, s. 82 Right of Students to Freedom of Expression
MGL c.72, s.83 Dress and Appearance of Students Protected
US Constitution, 1st Amendment Free Speech, Press, Religion
Selected case law
Pyle v. South Hadley School Committee, 423 Mass. 283 (1996)
Court held that high school students in public schools have the freedom under MGL c. 71, s. 82 to engage in non-school sponsored expression (wearing a t-shirt) reasonably considered vulgar, but which causes no disruption or disorder.
Tinker v. Des Moines Community School District, 393 US 503 (1969)
Supreme Court held that students who wore armbands which carried a political message had a constitutionally-protected right, under the First Amendment, to do so.
- Freedom of Expression, National Paralegal College
Uses simple case studies to outline what is and is not protected speech or symbolic speech
- Student Speech, ACLU
Includes symbolic speech, such as dress, as well as more traditional issues, like school papers and theater productions
- Students: Know Your Rights, ACLU of Massachusetts, 2011
Basic information on student rights issues in a question and answer format.
- Students' Rights in Massachusetts, GLAD, 2014
"Massachusetts law forbids discrimination in public schools on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity or expression (effective July 1, 2012). Questions & Answers (Accurate as of February 11, 2014)."
- Education Law by James A Rapp. Matthew Bender, loose-leaf. vol 3
- The Law of Schools, Students, and Teachers in a Nutshell, Thomson, 2015
- School Law in Massachusetts, MCLE, loose-leaf, chapter 10
- Teen Rights (and responsibilities) by Traci Truly. Sphinx, 2005
- "Validity of Regulations by Public School Authorities as to Clothes or Personal Appearance of Pupils," 58 ALR 5th 1
|Last updated:||April 18, 2018|