The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court considered and denied all defense appeals for a new trial. In its opinion of May 12, 1926, the Supreme Judicial Court reviewed several issues, including whether the Proctor affidavit required a new trial and whether the many questions regarding the defendants' patriotism and character were unduly prejudicial. The Supreme Judicial Court found no error in any of Judge Thayer's legal rulings, and concluded that he did not abuse his judicial discretion in refusing to grant a new trial.
The second appeal, decided on April 5, 1927, affirmed Judge Thayer's denial of a new trial based on the Madeiros confession. The Supreme Judicial Court concluded that it would not disturb the trial judge's ruling, as it was not "vitiated by errors of law, or abuse of discretion."
In the above photo are pictured five of the seven justices of the Supreme Judicial Court in 1925. From left to right: Justice Edward Pierce; Justice Henry Braley; Chief Justice Arthur Rugg; Justice John Crosby; and Justice George Sanderson.
Excerpt from Vanzetti's statement in court on April 9, 1927
What I say is that I am innocent. . . . I am suffering because I am a radical and indeed I am a radical; I have suffered because I was an Italian, and indeed I am an Italian . . . .