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Massachusetts law about neighbors and trees

A compilation of laws, regulations, cases and web sources on the law of neighbors and trees.
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Massachusetts laws

MGL c.87, s.11 Injury to trees of another person
Provides for "imprisonment for not more than six months or... a fine of not more than five hundred dollars."

MGL c.242, s.7 Willful trespass to trees, etc.; damages
Violators are "liable to the owner in tort for three times the amount of the damages assessed therefor."

Forms

No Trespass Order, Leicester Police Department.

Selected case law

Bassin v. Fairley, 22 LCR 251 (Land Court, 2014)
Where a healthy tree straddles the property line, the property owners "each hold title to a portion of [the tree], and thus neither can take any action against their portion of [the tree] that would injure [the tree] as a whole." 

Evans v. Mayer Tree Service, Inc., 89 Mass. App. Ct. 137 (2016) 
A tree company cut down trees at the specific direction of a Federal official who mistakenly believed that the plaintiff had given written permission to have the trees destroyed. Appeals court vacated the dismissal and remanded to Superior Court. "So long as the act of cutting was intentional and the act was without license, liability exists -- albeit for single damages only -- even where the person cutting the trees had "good reason to believe" he was "lawfully authorized" to do so."

Glavin v. Eckman, 71 Mass. App. Ct. 313 (2008)
Martha's Vineyard property owners and their tree contractor cut down ten mature trees on a neighbor's property to improve their own view of the ocean. The court upheld a jury award granting the wronged property owner the $30,000 replacement cost of the trees, rather than damages measured by the worth of the timber or diminution of the property's value.

Jones v. Town of Great Barrington, 273 Mass. 483 (1930)
Town was liable for injuries caused by a falling tree where the town, "although notified of its condition, had permitted to stand within the limits of the way for so long a time and in so decayed and dangerous a condition that it constituted a nuisance: ... that the tree was within the exclusive control of the tree warden ... and that his power to remove the tree was limited and prescribed by the terms of G. L. c. 87, did not relieve the defendant of liability for the nuisance."

Kurtigan v. City of Worcester, 348 Mass. 284 (1965)
City was held liable for damages caused by limbs of dead tree falling from property which city acquired for nonpayment of taxes. "Public policy in a civilized community requires that there be someone to be held responsible for a private nuisance on each piece of real estate, and, particularly in an urban area, that there be no oases of nonliability where a private nuisance may be maintained with impunity."

Levine v. Black, 312 Mass. 242 (1942)
Court refused to grant an injunction barring one neighbor from cutting down a tree sitting on the property line, where evidence showed that previous work on the tree had reduced it to "a trunk and two limbs."

Macero v. Busconi Corp, Civil No. 99-03577E (Middlesex Super.Ct.), 12 Mass. L. Rep. 521 (2000)
"Massachusetts law recognizes a right of self-help by which a property owner can cut the limbs or branches of a tree that invade his property as long as such cutting is done at the property line. A neighbor has the right to remove so much of the tree as overhangs his property....This court finds that this right to self-help is not confined to those parties who can show that their property was sufficiently damaged to justify their right to exercise self-help. The remedy is open to any party whose property is invaded by intruding boughs and roots."

Michalson v. Nutting, 275 Mass. 232 (1931)
The owner of a tree is not responsible for the damage its roots cause to neighboring property, but the neighbor's "right to cut off the intruding boughs and roots is well recognized."

Ponte v. DaSilva, 388 Mass. 1008 (1983). "The failure of a landowner to prevent the blowing or dropping of leaves, branches, and sap from a healthy tree onto a neighbor's property is not unreasonable and cannot be the basis of a finding of negligence or private nuisance."

Ritter v. Bergmann, 72 Mass. App. Ct. 296 (2008)
Clarifies that the "Glavin case does not require that there be a personal reason to support utilizing restoration cost as a measure of damages...Here, the damage to the Ritters that resulted from the cutting down of trees on the lot adjacent to their home was not only the potential loss in the value of the land that they hoped to sell, but the loss of their own privacy -- regardless of whether lot 11 was sold or retained."

Shiel v. Rowell, 480 Mass. 106 (2018)
Upholds the "Massachusetts rule" that "an individual whose property is damaged by a neighbor's healthy tree has no cause of action against a landowner of the property upon which the tree lies." Property owners who are disturbed by their neighbor's trees are "not without recourse," though. They remain free to remove any part of the tree that crosses the property line.

Wellesley Conservation Council v. Pereira, Civil No. 17-863 (Norfolk Super. Ct.), 2018
A conservation council, as grantee of the conservation restriction on defendants' property, may not recover monetary damages from defendants because defendants cut trees on their property in violation of the conservation restriction.

Web sources

Can My Neighbors Sue for Suffering Since My Tree Fell on Their Garage? , Nolo.com.

Handbook on Fence Viewers and Laws on Fences in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, by Larson and Cramer, 2004.
"This handbook is intended to serve as an informal guide to the laws that pertain to Fence Viewers and fencing in general in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts."

Legal Disputes Concerning Trees: A Beginner’s Guide, Library of Congress, 2016
"This Beginner’s Guide will provide you with some background and provide resources that can help answer your questions about disputes among neighbors concerning trees."

Massachusetts Laws on Property Disputes Between Neighbors , Nolo.com
"A breakdown of Massachusetts laws on neighbor disputes involving trees, fences, the right to farm, and adverse possession."

Neighbor Disputes over Water Damage , Nolo.com
Not specific to Massachusetts, this site outlines the general standards of responsibility for water issues.

Neighbor Law: Fences, Trees, Boundaries, & Noise , Nolo, 2017
Includes information on spite fences, boundary trees, obstruction of views, invading branches and more. Requires library card for access

Removing a Dying Tree: Who Bears the Cost? , Nolo.com.

The roots of our neighbor's tree are damaging our yards. What can we do? , Nolo.com.

Trees and Neighbors FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions to Help You Deal with Troublesome Trees , Nolo.com.

Print sources

Medoff, Bruce and Philip M. Hirshberg, "Liability Risks in Pruning a Neighbor's Tree", 24 Mass. Lawyers Weekly 1967 (June 3, 1996)

Neighbor and Nuisance Law, MCLE, 2009

Neighbor law: fences, trees, boundaries & noise / attorneys Emily Doskow & Lina Guillen, Nolo, 2017

Trouble Next Door: What to Do With Your Neighbor, Oceana, 2007

Contact

Phone

Within Massachusetts only

Within Massachusetts only

Online

Reference librarians online Chat with a law librarian 
Reference librarians via email masslawlib@gmail.com

Address

Administrative office (no law library at this location)
2 Center Plaza
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Boston, MA 02108
Last updated: July 26, 2018

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