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Fire Data and Statistics

Information about fire and burn data and statistics in MA
MFIRS Logo

The Division of Fire Safety maintains the Massachusetts Fire Incident Reporting System (MFIRS) and the Massachusetts Burn Injury Reporting System (M-BIRS). By analyzing this data, we can see what causes fires and burns, determine if problems are getting better or worse, and develop appropriate prevention plans.

Massachusetts Fire Incident Reporting System (MFIRS)

Massachusetts participates in the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS). We send information from Massachusetts fire departments to the U.S. Fire Administration. Although paperwork may seem to have little to do with fire protection, it is important. When firefighters document the causes of fires, that information is used to help prevent future fires.

The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission uses NFIRS data to identify products that can cause fires. They also develop safety tips to include in free publications. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration uses NFIRS information to identify fire risks in vehicles. The National Fire Protection Association uses NFIRS data in many of their analyses.

Fire departments and Approved MFIRS Vendors (as of 10/2018) can contact the Fire Data Unit at 978-567-3382 for information on:

  • coding
  • forms
  • electronic reporting
  • record layout
  • software vendor approval

Additional Resources for Massachusetts Fire Incident Reporting System (MFIRS)

Massachusetts Fire Incident Reporting System (MFIRS) Statistics

By law, fire departments must report any fire or explosion resulting in a dollar loss or human casualty to the Division of Fire Safety. Fire departments are encouraged to report all of their incidents. The data on fire incident reports is analyzed and categorized in many ways.

Annual Fact Sheets summarize fires and fire deaths in Massachusetts on a single page. 

Annual Reports include a complete set of Massachusetts fire statistics for the year. 

Executive Summaries provide a summary of Massachusetts fire statistics for the year.

Annual County Data provides statistical data by county.

Annual Suffolk County Data. Beginning in 2014, this data was included in the County Data.

For data requests or copies of older reports, contact the Fire Data Unit at (978) 567-3382.

Additional Resources for Massachusetts Fire Incident Reporting System (MFIRS) Statistics

Massachusetts Burn Injury Reporting System (MBIRS)

The Massachusetts Burn Injury Reporting System (M-BIRS) helps catch arsonists. During arson, the perpetrator may burn themselves. They may seek treatment far from the crime scene in an attempt to avoid detection. M-BIRS is also a powerful tool for burn prevention. M-BIRS data is used to produce an annual report on the causes of burns. The report is shared with hospitals and injury prevention professionals.

Health care providers must report burns that cover 5% or more of a person's body surface.

About M-BIRS and M-BIRS Reporting is a pamphlet that explains M-BIRS reporting for hospital staff.

For forms or questions about reporting, physicians and hospitals can contact the Fire Data Unit at (978) 567-3382.

Additional Resources for Massachusetts Burn Injury Reporting System (MBIRS)

M-BIRS Annual Reports

The Massachusetts Burn Injury Reporting System is a joint program between the Mass. Department of Public Health and the Department of Fire Services. In addition to being a tool for law enforcement, it is a powerful injury prevention tool for health educators and policy makers.

For fire data requests or copies of older reports, contact the Fire Data Unit at (978) 567-3382.

Additional Resources for M-BIRS Annual Reports

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