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Guide PHIT Data: Pediatric Diabetes

This dataset contains information on the number of cases and prevalence of Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes among students in grades K-8.

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What you need to know

27 times Among children in grades K-8, Type 1 diabetes is about 27 times more common than Type 2 diabetes

Pediatric diabetes data are collected from approximately 1,800 public, private, and charter schools in Massachusetts in order to learn how much diabetes exists among students in kindergarten through 8th grade. School nurses report the number of children with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes by gender and by grade, as well as by the city/town where the students live. Response rates among schools are close to 100%, resulting in a dataset that includes nearly all cases of diabetes in students in grades K-8.

Explore pediatric diabetes data

Pediatric diabetes data can be used to learn about the statewide occurrence of diabetes in Massachusetts, and to identify which counties may have higher rates of diabetes than others. It can also be used to look at diabetes trends over time.

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Information about these data

When viewing pediatric diabetes data, it is important to note that the data represent students in kindergarten through 8th grade only. The number of children reported with diabetes is based on the medical history of the children provided by the family, therefore undiagnosed and unreported diabetes cases are not included. 

Prevalence is not age-adjusted; some of the observed differences in prevalence estimates between communities may be due to differences in the age distribution of students in each community. Also, please keep in mind that a variety of factors (genetic and environmental) can impact the prevalence of diabetes. 

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