Massachusetts law about employee privacy

A compilation of laws, selected cases, regulations, web sources, and print sources on employee and workplace privacy law by the Trial Court Law Libraries.

If you are unable to find the information you are looking for, or if you have a specific question, please contact our law librarians for assistance.

Table of Contents

Massachusetts laws

MGL c.93H Security breaches (unauthorized access or use of data in any format)

MGL c.149, § 52C Personnel records: inspection by employee.

MGL c.214, § 1B Right of privacy

MGL c.272, § 99 Interception of wire and oral communications
Also known as the “Massachusetts Eavesdropping Act,” prohibits unauthorized interception of wire and oral communications with exceptions. See D. Exemptions 1.b. allowing interception of wire or oral communications while using “an office intercommunication system which is used in the ordinary course of …business.”

Massachusetts regulations

201 CMR 17.00 Standards for the protection of personal information of residents of the Commonwealth

940 CMR 27.00 Safeguard of personal information; requirements to protect the privacy of consumer and employee information

Federal laws

18 USC secs 2510-2523 Electronic Communications Privacy Act

Selected case law

Garrity v. John Hancock Mut. Life Ins. Co., 2002 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 8343 (2002)
Found that if no assurances of privacy have been given by employer, an employee has no reasonable expectations of privacy on their work email.

Webster v. Motorola, Inc., 418 Mass. 425 (1994)
Found that the validity of an employer mandating random drug tests must be weighed on a case-by-case basis, considering whether an individual employee’s right to privacy outweighed the employer’s interests.

Gauthier v. Police Comm'r of Boston, 408 Mass. 335 (1990)
Found that the firing of a police cadet after a positive drug test was not a violation of privacy because the testing was in the public interest.

Web sources

An employer’s guide to hidden cameras in the workplace, David B. Wilson (Massachusetts Lawyers Weekly, 2005).

Interfering with employee rights (Section 7 & 8(a)(1)), National Labor Relations Board.
States that an employer may not “photograph or videotape employees engaged in peaceful union or other protected activities” as it violates 29 USC Sec 158 which prohibits an employer attempting to “interfere with, restrain, or coerce employees” in exercising their right to unionize

Safeguarding trade secrets in the information age, FindLaw.
Discusses employee privacy rights regarding email monitoring, polygraphs, and more and also suggests company policies regarding monitoring employees to protect trade secrets

Somebody’s watching me: employee monitoring, Privacy Rights Clearinghouse, June 2019.

State laws on social media password requests by employers, Nolo. 

Workplace drug testing in Massachusetts, Nolo.

Print sources

Advising employers and employees on off-duty conduct and privacy in the workplace, MCLE, 2019.

Drafting employment documents in Massachusetts, MCLE, 2021.
Chapter 11: Privacy in the workplace.

Drug testing law, technology, and practice, Callaghan, loose-leaf.

Employment law: 2015 comprehensive guide, NBI, 2015. 
Chapter VI: Monitoring Employees.

Massachusetts employment law, MCLE, loose-leaf.
Chapter 22.

Labor and employment in Massachusetts, 2d ed., LexisNexis, loose-leaf.
Chapter 9: Employee Privacy.

Massachusetts practice v.45 (Employment law), Thomson Reuters, with supplement. 
Chapter 10: Privacy in the Workplace.

Massachusetts practice v. 57 (Construction law), West, Yearly editions.  
Sections 10:98 through 10:104 - Privacy in the workplace.

What to do about personnel problems in Massachusetts, BLR, loose-leaf.

Your rights in the workplace by Sachi Barreiro, Nolo, 2018.

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Last updated: October 14, 2022
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