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Executive Order

Executive Order No. 281: Regulating state contracts with companies doing business with South Africa or Namibia

Date: 01/21/1989
Issuer: Michael S. Dukakis
Mass Register: No. 601
Revoked and Superseded by: Executive Order 288

Table of Contents

WHEREAS, apartheid is a policy of racial exclusion and repression and is the official policy of the governments of the Republic of South Africa and Namibia;

WHEREAS, under the system of apartheid the non-white citizens of the Republic of South Africa and Namibia, who represent the overwhelming majority of those nations' populations, have been systematically excluded from the material benefits of those societies and have been subjected to brutal repression;

WHEREAS, the governments of South Africa and Namibia have imposed on the people of those nations a social system founded on racial separation and the denial of basic human rights;

WHEREAS, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and the United States of America are committed to the principles of achieving equality of opportunity for all regardless of race, religion or national origin; and

WHEREAS, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in continuing its long tradition of upholding the dignity of all people and striving for the elimination of all artificial barriers to human fulfillment and achievement, cannot provide economic support for a social system whose policies are so antithetical to the principles of the people of Massachusetts;

NOW, THEREFORE, I, Michael S. Dukakis, Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, by virtue of the authority vested in me as Supreme Executive Magistrate, do hereby order as follows:

ARTICLE I. Declaration of Policy

1.1 The Commonwealth of Massachusetts shall not support through the purchasing power of state government the social system in South Africa and Namibia that is founded on racial segregation.

1.2 The policy of the Commonwealth shall be that unless the procurement is essential and there is no other available source, no state agency shall procure goods or services which (a) originate in South Africa or Namibia or (b) are provided by a person not located in South Africa or Namibia, but functioning as an operation, licensee, franchise, or majority-owned subsidiary of a person located in South Africa or Namibia or functioning as an agent of the government of South Africa or Namibia.

1.3 The Secretary of the Executive Office of Administration and Finance, through the Purchasing Agent's Division, shall establish a purchasing preference policy to steer state contracts away from vendors doing business with or in South Africa or Namibia and shall maintain and regularly update a list of all persons doing business with or in South Africa or Namibia. This list shall be known as the "prohibited procurement list". In establishing the prohibited list, the State Purchasing Agent, in consultation with the Secretary for Economic Affairs, shall consult the most recent annual report of the U.S. Consulate General of Johannesburg, entitled "American Firms, Subsidiaries and Affiliates – South Africa", United Nations reports, and other reliable sources.

ARTICLE II. Definitions

2.1 "Doing business with or in South Africa or Namibia" shall mean, in the case of any person, (a) having any operations, licenses, franchises, majority-owned subsidiaries, or contracts of assured supply in South Africa or Namibia; or (b) providing financial services to the government of South Africa or the government of Namibia; or (c) promoting the importation or sale of gold or gold products from South Africa or Namibia; or (d) providing any goods or services to the government of South Africa or Namibia.

2.2 "Person" shall mean any individual and any partnership, firm, association, corporation, or other entity.

ARTICLE III. Exemptions

3.1 This executive order shall not apply to (a) the replacement of parts or provision of services for maintaining and operating the Commonwealth's equipment and systems, and (b) medical supplies intended to preserve or prolong life or to cure, prevent, or ameliorate diseases, including hospital, nutritional, diagnostic, pharmaceutical and non-prescription products specifically manufactured to satisfy identified health care needs, for which there is no medical substitute.

3.2 Contractual obligations in effect on the date this executive order is implemented through regulations as provided for in Article IV are not affected by this executive order.

3.3 A person with operations in South Africa or Namibia for the sole purpose of reporting the news or providing international telecommunications shall not be considered doing business in those countries.

ARTICLE IV. Implementation

4.1 The provisions of this executive order shall be implemented by regulations promulgated by the Secretary of Administration and Finance, through the Purchasing Agent's Division. Such regulations shall be effective on or before July 1, 1989.

4.2 No waivers to the provisions of this executive order shall be made except upon the written determination of the Purchasing Agent and the Secretary of Administration and Finance that no practicable substitute is available to satisfy the need of the Commonwealth.

4.3 Exemptions in addition to those listed in Article III, when not inconsistent with the purposes of this executive order, may be made by regulations promulgated by the Secretary of Administration and Finance, through the Purchasing Agent's Division.

4.4 The Purchasing Agent shall forward copies of the regulations to state authorities and public institutions of higher education, who are encouraged to adopt comparable policies and regulations.

4.5 This executive order shall be interpreted to be consistent with any applicable federal law and shall not be interpreted in a way that would result in any loss or reduction in the amount of funds for which the state is eligible or entitled under any federal law.

Given at the Executive Chamber in Boston this 21st day of January in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and eighty-nine, and of the Independence of the United States of America two hundred and thirteen.

Michael S. Dukakis, Governor
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts

Michael Joseph Connolly
Secretary of the Commonwealth

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